Mitchell, Napoleon B. (1804–1836)

By: Bill Groneman

Type: Biography

Published: May 1, 1995

Updated: January 26, 2019

Napoleon B. Mitchell, Alamo defender, was born in 1804 in Tennessee. He arrived in Texas in 1834 and during the revolution served in the Alamo garrison as a private in Capt. William R. Carey's artillery company. He was present during the siege of Bexar in December 1835. Mitchell died in the battle of the Alamo on March 6, 1836. Juana Navarro Alsbury , an Alamo survivor, later stated that a man named Mitchell was bayoneted while trying to protect her during the battle. This man may have been Napoleon Mitchell or another defender, Edwin T. Mitchell. Mitchell's arrival in Texas before March of 1836 entitled him to a first-class grant of land from the Republic of Texas. His heirs received title to this grant, one-third league in Bastrop County, in 1838.

Daughters of the American Revolution, The Alamo Heroes and Their Revolutionary Ancestors (San Antonio, 1976). Daughters of the Republic of Texas, Muster Rolls of the Texas Revolution (Austin, 1986). Bill Groneman, Alamo Defenders (Austin: Eakin, 1990). Walter Lord, A Time to Stand (New York: Harper, 1961; 2d ed., Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press, 1978). Phil Rosenthal and Bill Groneman, Roll Call at the Alamo (Fort Collins, Colorado: Old Army, 1985).

Time Periods:
  • Texas Revolution

The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this entry.

Bill Groneman, “Mitchell, Napoleon B.,” Handbook of Texas Online, accessed August 17, 2022,

Published by the Texas State Historical Association.

May 1, 1995
January 26, 2019