Moore, Alexander Herman (1899–1989)

By: Randi Sutton

Type: Biography

Published: April 1, 1995

Updated: August 3, 2020

Alexander Herman Moore, blues pianist, was born in the part of Dallas known as Freedmen's Town on November 22, 1899. (His headstone gives the month as October.) Because of the death of his father, Moore dropped out of the sixth grade at Dallas Colored School No. 2 (renamed B. F. Darrell Elementary) to support his mother and two siblings. While working odd jobs, he learned to play the piano before entering the United States Army in 1916. He arrived at his unique sound during the 1920s by combining elements of various musical styles, including blues, ragtime, barrelhouse boogie, and stride. In the 1920s he acquired the nickname "Whistlin' Alex" for a piercing whistle he made with his lips curled back while playing the piano.

Moore was among the first of his peers to record in a studio. He recorded six tracks for the Columbia Company in Chicago in 1929. Although he made other recordings in 1937, 1947, and 1951, he had little regard for commercial endeavors. In addition to his piano engagements, he continued to work his day job until his retirement in 1965. Though he was soon forgotten in his native surroundings, he was rediscovered during the 1960s throughout the United States and Western Europe. In 1969 he toured with the American Folk Blues Festival in England and Western Europe, performing with such blues artists as Earl Hooker and Magic Sam. He also recorded a session in Stuttgart, Germany, in 1969, which produced the popular album Alex Moore in Europe.

During the 1970s and 1980s, Moore could be found at the Dallas YMCA playing dominos or at a local blues club playing his piano. He was inducted into the Junior Black Academy of Arts and Letters in 1984. In 1987 he was awarded a National Heritage Fellowship by the National Endowment for the Arts. He became the first African-American Texan to receive this honor. The state of Texas designated his birthday, November 22, 1988, as "Alex Moore Day." That same year Moore celebrated his last record release, entitled Wiggle Tail, which was recorded live at a Dallas show. About his bachelorhood he remarked, "I say the reason why I never got married is I always been married to my piano—my piano's my wife, my girlfriend, my lady, my bed." He died of a heart attack on January 20, 1989, and was buried in Lincoln Memorial Cemetery in Dallas. He was survived by a son and daughter.

Dallas Morning News, January 24, 1989. Alan Govenar, Meeting the Blues (New York: Da Capo Press, 1995). Sheldon Harris, Blues Who's Who: A Biographical Dictionary of Blues Singers (New Rochelle, New York: Arlington House, 1979). Vertical Files, Dolph Briscoe Center for American History, University of Texas at Austin.


  • Music
  • Genres (Blues)
  • Peoples
  • African Americans


  • Dallas/Fort Worth Region
  • Dallas
  • North Texas

The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this entry.

Randi Sutton, “Moore, Alexander Herman,” Handbook of Texas Online, accessed September 21, 2021,

Published by the Texas State Historical Association.

All copyrighted materials included within the Handbook of Texas Online are in accordance with Title 17 U.S.C. Section 107 related to Copyright and “Fair Use” for Non-Profit educational institutions, which permits the Texas State Historical Association (TSHA), to utilize copyrighted materials to further scholarship, education, and inform the public. The TSHA makes every effort to conform to the principles of fair use and to comply with copyright law.

For more information go to:

If you wish to use copyrighted material from this site for purposes of your own that go beyond fair use, you must obtain permission from the copyright owner.

April 1, 1995
August 3, 2020

This entry belongs to the following Handbook Special Projects: