Moore, Eudora Inez (1847–1933)

By: Jo Ella Powell Exley

Type: Biography

Published: April 1, 1995

Updated: November 30, 2019

Eudora Inez Moore, teacher and writer, the only daughter of Robert Baxter and Mary Crowell (Layton) Moore, was born in Victoria County, Texas, on November 17, 1847. The family, which eventually also included six sons, had sailed to Texas from Mobile, Alabama, the previous summer. They settled three miles below Victoria, where they had bought 100 acres on the Guadalupe River. About 1849 the Moores bought land near Indianola, which was then a small village, and built a house on the shore of a lake known for a time as Moore's Lake. Eudora was educated through private instruction there.

She is remembered for her reminiscences, "Recollections of Indianola," first published in the Wharton Spectator in 1934 and reprinted in the Indianola Scrapbook in 1936. They describe family and community life during Indianola's settlement and during the Civil War and Reconstruction and include descriptions of the 1875 hurricane and flood that destroyed the Moore home and property and caused Robert Moore's death. In 1865, when Eudora was eighteen, she began her long teaching career by conducting a private school in a small building at her home for one of her brothers and six other boys. Although she never obtained a college degree, she attended summer normal schools at Cuero, Port Lavaca, Austin, and Whitesboro and periodically renewed her teaching certificate through examinations at the county seat. She was a member of the Methodist Episcopal Church, South. After the flood, she and her mother moved to Matagorda County, where from 1875 to 1898 she taught in various community schools.

In 1903 Eudora Moore moved to the 101 Ranch in Hays County to help care for and educate the four children of a widowed niece. She died there on November 8, 1933, and was buried at Ashby, Texas.

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James Cox, Historical and Biographical Record of the Cattle Industry (2 vols., St. Louis: Woodward and Tiernan Printing, 1894, 1895; rpt., with an introduction by J. Frank Dobie, New York: Antiquarian, 1959). Jo Ella Powell Exley, ed., Texas Tears and Texas Sunshine: Voices of Frontier Women (College Station: Texas A&M University Press, 1985).

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The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this entry.

Jo Ella Powell Exley, “Moore, Eudora Inez,” Handbook of Texas Online, accessed June 27, 2022,

Published by the Texas State Historical Association.

April 1, 1995
November 30, 2019

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