Edwin Dubose Mouzon, Methodist bishop, son of Samuel Cogswell and Harriet (Peurifoy) Mouzon, was born in Spartanburg, South Carolina, on May 19, 1869. He received his A.B. degree at Wofford College, South Carolina, in 1889 and honorary degrees from Southwestern University, Duke University, and Southern Methodist University. He married Mary Elizabeth Mike on May 19, 1890; they had six children. After Mary Elizabeth's death he married Mrs. Mary Pearl Langdon, on August 21, 1919. Mouzon was admitted as a preacher of the Texas Conference of the Methodist Episcopal Church, South, in 1899. He held Texas pastorates at Bryan, 1889; Austin, 1890; Caldwell, 1891–93; Galveston, 1894; Flatonia, 1895; Abilene, 1896–97; Fort Worth, 1898–1901; and Travis Park, San Antonio, 1904–08. Between 1901 and 1904 he was at Central Church, Kansas City. He was elected professor of theology at Southwestern University in 1908 and taught there until he was elected bishop by the General Conference of the Methodist Episcopal Church, South, on May 19, 1910. During the years from 1910 to 1937 he had episcopal supervision over conferences in Mississippi, Texas, New Mexico, Colorado, Missouri, Montana, Oklahoma, California, Tennessee, North Carolina, South Carolina, Virginia, Maryland, Colombia, Brazil, Mexico, and Cuba. He made official visits to missions in Mexico in 1911 and South America in 1915 and was a delegate to ecumenical Methodist conferences in Toronto in 1911, London in 1921, and Atlanta in 1931. He was chairman of the commission sent to South America in 1930 to set up the autonomous Methodist Church in Brazil. During his ministry Bishop Mouzon was especially concerned about higher education in the church. He was a teacher when elected bishop and was later a member of the first board of trustees of Southern Methodist University and the first dean of its School of Theology, a member of the board of trustees of Scarritt College in Nashville, and president of the Board of Christian Education of the Methodist Episcopal Church, South. He was chairman of the commission on interdenominational relations and church union and for many years worked for the union of Methodist churches in America. His books included Does God Care? (1919), Fundamentals of Methodism (1923), The Program of Jesus (1925), The Missionary Evangel (1925), and Preaching with Authority (1929). Mouzon died in Charlotte, North Carolina, on February 10, 1937, and was buried in Dallas, Texas. He was a Mason and a Democrat.
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The Bohemian, Easter Issue, 1900. Nolan B. Harmon, ed., The Encyclopedia of World Methodism (2 vols., Nashville: United Methodist Publishing House, 1974). Who Was Who in America, Vol. 1.
The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this entry.
“Mouzon, Edwin Dubose,”
Handbook of Texas Online,
accessed June 30, 2022,
Published by the Texas State Historical Association.
Original Publication Date:
Most Recent Revision Date:
May 1, 1995