Mulato Indians

By: Thomas N. Campbell

Type: General Entry

Published: 1976

Updated: August 1, 1995

The Mulato Indians, a subdivision of the Inocoplo Indians, originally lived in central Tamaulipas. When their area was brought under Spanish control in the middle eighteenth century, the Mulatos moved northward. Sometime prior to 1784 some of them arrived in San Antonio and entered San José y San Miguel de Aguayo Mission. Confusion may arise when mulato (Spanish for "mulatto") occurs in documents. The context must be carefully examined to determine if mulato refers to a caste or to a specific Indian group, as in this case. Swanton identified the Mulatos as Coahuiltecans, but this needs confirmation.

Frederick Webb Hodge, ed., Handbook of American Indians North of Mexico (2 vols., Washington: GPO, 1907, 1910; rpt., New York: Pageant, 1959). Gabriel Saldivar, Los Indios de Tamaulipas (Mexico City: Pan American Institute of Geography and History, 1943). J. R. Swanton, Linguistic Material from the Tribes of Southern Texas and Northeastern Mexico (Washington: Smithsonian Institution, 1940).


  • Peoples
  • Native American
  • Tribes (Other)

The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this entry.

Thomas N. Campbell, “Mulato Indians,” Handbook of Texas Online, accessed October 18, 2021,

Published by the Texas State Historical Association.

August 1, 1995