Mundine, Francis Marion (1829–1909)

By: Brooke Wibracht

Type: Biography

Published: December 13, 2013

Francis “Frank” Marion Mundine, legislator, merchant, and farmer, son of John Chapman Mundine and Elizabeth Maria (Youris or Yourie) Mundine, was born in Columbiana, Shelby County, Alabama, on August 27, 1829. Mundine was the second member of his family to serve in the Texas legislature. His brother, Titus Howard Mundine, served as a Constitutional Unionist in the Eighth Legislature from 1859 to 1861.

By 1850 the Mundine family moved to Texas and settled in Washington County. Mundine studied at Brenham Academy; the years of attendance and the subjects he studied are not known. In 1857 he moved to the town of Lexington in Burleson County and worked as a merchant, a farmer, and a postmaster. In 1860 he valued his real estate holdings at $1,000 and his personal estate at $357. By 1880 he had moved to Lee County. Before serving in the legislature, Mundine was a member of the Knights of Honor fraternity and spoke out against the payment of the poll tax for voters.

Mundine was elected in 1896 as a Populist to the Twenty-fifth Legislature as the representative from the Forty-ninth House District, composed of Lee and Burleson counties. He served on three committees: the Mining and Minerals Committee; the Roads, Bridges and Ferries Committee; and the State Asylums Committee. During his tenure, he proposed two bills to the legislature; one passed and one died on the speaker’s table. The bill that passed was House Bill 528, which eased incorporation requirements for rural communities. Mundine’s bill appealed to his rural Populist constituency, as it empowered local community members by giving them the authority to decide whether or not to incorporate or remain unincorporated. It was signed by the governor on May 7, 1897. When his tenure ended, Mundine returned to Lee County and resumed his work as a farmer and land hand.

Mundine married Marguarite (or Marguerite) Jane Merrill in Burleson, Texas, on April 29, 1858. They had nine children: Rosillie Frank (Mundine) Baskin, Jane, Cora Linn, Wallace W., Jennie Belle, Sallie Parker (Mundine) Hale, Charles Patrick, Robert Bruce, and John Chapman. Three of the children died before adulthood: Jane, Cora Linn, and Jennie Belle.

Mundine died on June 29, 1909, and was buried in the family cemetery, Mundine Cemetery, in Lexington, Texas, along with his wife and four of their children.

Galveston Daily News, October 2, 1896. Journal of the House of Representatives Being the Regular Session of the Twenty-Fifth Legislature (Austin: Ben C. Jones & Company, 1897). Legislative Reference Library of Texas: Francis Mundine (, accessed December 10, 2013. E. H. Loughery, Texas State Government (Austin: McLeod and Jackson, 1897). Southern Mercury (Dallas), July 21, 1898.

  • Twenty-fifth Legislature (1897)
  • House

The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this entry.

Brooke Wibracht, “Mundine, Francis Marion,” Handbook of Texas Online, accessed June 27, 2022,

Published by the Texas State Historical Association.

December 13, 2013