Newman, Joseph (1780–1831)

By: Barbara L. Young

Type: Biography

Published: 1952

Updated: March 9, 2019

Joseph Newman, member of the Old Three Hundred and early Wharton County and Austin County settler, was born in 1780 in South Carolina. In 1806 he was in Warren County, Ohio, where on June 12 he married Rachel Rose Rabb, daughter of William Rabb. In 1810 Newman and members of the Rabb family were living in Illinois Territory. During the War of 1812 he served at Fort Russell and served against Indians. In 1818 he moved to Jonesboro, Miller County, Arkansas Territory, now in eastern Oklahoma. He moved to Texas with the Rabb family in 1822. In June 1824 the colonists organized an expedition to pursue Tawakoni Indians who had stolen Newman's horses. As one of Stephen F. Austin's colonists, Newman received title to a league and a labor of land, now part of Wharton and Austin counties, on August 10, 1824. The census of March 1826 classified him as a farmer and stock raiser, aged between twenty-five and forty. His household at that time included his wife, three sons, four daughters, and two servants. In April 1826 he was again signing affidavits concerning Indian depredations. In January 1827 he joined other colonists in declaring loyalty to the Mexican government and protesting against the Fredonian Rebellion. Newman died at Egypt, Texas, on February 12, 1831. Joseph and Rachel Newman had ten children, among them Sarah Jane (Sally) Scull.

Eugene C. Barker, ed., The Austin Papers (3 vols., Washington: GPO, 1924–28). Lester G. Bugbee, "The Old Three Hundred: A List of Settlers in Austin's First Colony," Quarterly of the Texas State Historical Association 1 (October 1897). Daughters of the Republic of Texas, Founders and Patriots of the Republic of Texas (Austin, 1963-). J. H. Kuykendall, "Reminiscences of Early Texans," Quarterly of the Texas State Historical Association 6–7 (January, April, July 1903).

Time Periods:

  • Mexican Texas

The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this entry.

Barbara L. Young, “Newman, Joseph,” Handbook of Texas Online, accessed January 19, 2022,

Published by the Texas State Historical Association.

March 9, 2019

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