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Orcoquiza Indians

Robert Bruce Blake General Entry

The Orcoquiza (Arkokisa, Akankisa, Acconcesawas, Horcaquisaes) Indians, an Attacapan group, lived north of Galveston Bay along the Trinity and Colorado rivers and were from time to time associated with the Bidai and Aranama Indians and other groups. These Indians were a source of considerable trouble to the Spanish authorities in the eighteenth century, when a presidio and mission were built for them at the village called El Orcoquisac. According to John Sibley, the Orcoquizas in the 1760s numbered about eighty men. In 1805 their principal town was west of the Colorado 200 miles southwest of Nacogdoches.

Julia Kathryn Garrett, "Dr. John Sibley and the Louisiana-Texas Frontier, 1803–1914," Southwestern Historical Quarterly 45–49 (January 1942-April 1946). Frederick Webb Hodge, ed., Handbook of American Indians North of Mexico (2 vols., Washington: GPO, 1907, 1910; rpt., New York: Pageant, 1959).


  • Peoples
  • Native American
  • Tribes (Other)

The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this entry.

Robert Bruce Blake, “Orcoquiza Indians,” Handbook of Texas Online, accessed April 19, 2021,

Published by the Texas State Historical Association.

August 1, 1995