Daniel Parker, antimissionary Baptist leader, was born on April 6, 1781, in Culpeper County, Virginia, to Rev. John and Sarah (White) Parker. The family moved to Georgia when he was a child. His education seems to have been extremely limited. He and Patsy Dickerson were married on March 11, 1802; they eventually had eleven children. They moved to Dickson County, Tennessee, in 1803. In 1806 Parker was ordained to preach by the Turnbull Baptist Church. He was an advocate of "Two Seedism," the doctrine that since the time of Adam mankind has been the bearer of two seeds, divine and diabolical. Parker supported this doctrine in two pamphlets in 1826: Views on the Two Seeds and The Second Dose of Doctrine on the Two Seeds. Though his Two Seedism separated him from most Primitive Baptists, he retained their opposition to the Missionary Baptists, with whom his conflict started about 1815. (Primitive Baptists do not support missionary, tract, or Bible societies, Sunday schools, or theological seminaries.) In 1820 Parker, then living in Illinois, published a pamphlet, A Public Address to the Baptist Society, and Friends of Religion in General, on the Principle and Practice of the Baptist Board of Foreign Missions, for the United States of America, attacking missionary practices. He published the Church Advocate, a newspaper, from 1829 to 1831. He served as a state senator in Illinois in 1822. In 1833, after a trip to Texas, he organized the Pilgrim Predestinarian Regular Baptist Church at Lamotte, Illinois, with seven members; the church was later moved to Texas. In 1986 the Pilgrim Church, which continued to meet near Elkhart, Texas, was the oldest Primitive Baptist church in the state. Parker was elected to represent Nacogdoches County at the General Council of the Provisional Government of Texas. He was elected a member of the Fourth Congress of Texas in 1839. He was barred from taking his seat, however, because ordained ministers were constitutionally ineligible; President Mirabeau B. Lamar declared the seat vacant on November 18, 1839. On October 17, 1840, at Hopewell Primitive Baptist Church near Douglas, Texas, Parker led in the organization of the Union Primitive Baptist Association, the second Baptist association organized in Texas. He died at his home in Anderson County on December 3, 1844, and was buried in the Pilgrim Primitive Baptist Church Cemetery.
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James Milton Carroll, A History of Texas Baptists (Dallas: Baptist Standard, 1923). Encyclopedia of Southern Baptists (4 vols., Nashville: Broadman, 1958–82). Texas House of Representatives, Biographical Directory of the Texan Conventions and Congresses, 1832–1845 (Austin: Book Exchange, 1941). Donald F. Tingley, "Illinois Days of Daniel Parker," Journal of the Illinois State Historical Society 51 (Winter 1958).
The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this entry.
Samuel B. Hesler,
Handbook of Texas Online,
accessed June 25, 2022,
Published by the Texas State Historical Association.
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