George Alexander Pattillo, early Texas settler and political leader, was born in Greene County, Georgia, in 1796, the son of Samuel and Frances Reid Pattillo. He moved to Louisiana in 1819 and subsequently secured one of the earliest land grants in what is now Jefferson County when he moved to Texas in 1830. He served as a member of the General Council from January 13 to March 11, 1836. He volunteered for military duty and was en route to San Jacinto when the famous battle there was fought.
Pattillo held a number of public offices in Austin and in Southeast Texas. He served as associate justice of Jefferson County in 1837 before holding the position of justice of the peace in 1838. Although defeated in the 1840 House race, he represented Jefferson County in the House of Representatives of the Sixth Congress (1841–42) and was senator from Jefferson and Jasper counties in the Seventh, Eighth, and Ninth congresses of the republic. During this period Pattillo was chairman of the Committee on Enrolled Bills and led a successful fight against the repeal of the tariff. He was also noted as an ardent annexationist.
After the annexation of Texas, Pattillo became the first chief justice of Orange County, in 1852–53. In 1861 he served as justice of the peace for that county. Tax rolls of 1840 show that he had title to more than 3,800 acres of land in Jefferson County and owned five horses and five cattle. Toward the end of his life Pattillo settled at Bunn's Bluff, on the Neches River north of Beaumont, where he remained until his death. He died on April 4, 1871, and was buried in the Patillo's Bluff Cemetery near Vidor in Orange.
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W. T. Block, A History of Jefferson County, Texas, from Wilderness to Reconstruction (M.A. thesis, Lamar University, 1974; Nederland, Texas: Nederland Publishing, 1976). Texas House of Representatives, Biographical Directory of the Texan Conventions and Congresses, 1832–1845 (Austin: Book Exchange, 1941).
First Legislature (1846)
The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this entry.
Randolph B. "Mike" Campbell,
“Pattillo, George Alexander,”
Handbook of Texas Online,
accessed May 19, 2022,
Published by the Texas State Historical Association.
Original Publication Date:
Most Recent Revision Date:
December 17, 2021