Patton, Moses Lockhart (1806–1883)

By: Scott Bacon

Type: Biography

Published: 1952

Updated: April 9, 2014

Moses Lockhart Patton, early merchant, was born in Twiggs County, Georgia, on January 23, 1806, the son of James H. Patton. On September 2, 1835, he received a grant of ten leagues in Texas, which may have been voided after the Texas Revolution. On December 2, 1835, he received a quarter-league grant to an area now in Polk County. He settled in Nacogdoches County in 1835 and contracted, along with A. Jordan, to assist in the removal of the Shawnee Indians from Texas. He participated in the Cherokee War in 1839 and was present when Chief Bowl was killed.

Although Patton is not listed in the muster rolls he evidently did serve and consequently received 320 acres of bounty land on January 26, 1855. In 1882 he sent a lengthy letter to the Texas Revolution Veterans Association giving details of his service. He married Susan Henrietta Buford of Claiborne Parish, Louisiana, on December 13, 1840, and they had ten children. The Pattons settled in Pattonia, where he engaged in shipping with flatboats and steamboats on the Angelina River. Moses and his brother Robert were believed to be the first to navigate the Angelina River in a flatboat in 1844 and the first to use a steamboat in 1849. In 1842 Patton journeyed from Houston to Nacogdoches and observed Mexican forces moving Mexican families out of Bexar. After the Civil War he opened a mercantile business in Nacogdoches. He bought some land from N. Adolphus Sterne in 1842. Patton spent his last years on his small farm seven miles east of Nacogdoches and died there on August 11, 1883. He is buried in the Patton Cemetery at a site near Oak Ridge High School.

Daughters of the Republic of Texas, Founders and Patriots of the Republic of Texas (Austin, 1963-). Carolyn Reeves Ericson, Nacogdoches, Gateway to Texas: A Biographical Directory (2 vols., Fort Worth: Arrow-Curtis Printing, 1974, 1987). Louis Wiltz Kemp Papers, Dolph Briscoe Center for American History, University of Texas at Austin. Virginia H. Taylor, The Spanish Archives of the General Land Office of Texas (Austin: Lone Star, 1955). Vertical Files, Dolph Briscoe Center for American History, University of Texas at Austin. Gifford E. White, Amy White of the Old 300 (Austin: Nortex, 1986).

  • Peoples
  • Native American
  • Military
  • Soldiers

The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this entry.

Scott Bacon, “Patton, Moses Lockhart,” Handbook of Texas Online, accessed June 30, 2022,

Published by the Texas State Historical Association.

April 9, 2014