Nelson Phillips, lawyer and jurist, son of Charles Edward and Jennie L. (Arrington) Phillips, was born on May 3, 1873, at Jefferson, Texas. He was educated in public schools at Hillsboro and attended Bingham Military Academy at Mebane, North Carolina, for two years. He worked in his father's bank and read law at night until 1895, when he was admitted to the bar and became a law partner of Thomas S. Smith. In 1904 S. W. T. Lanham appointed Phillips to fill an unexpired term as judge of the Eighteenth Judicial District. From 1905 to 1909 Phillips was a law partner of Yancy Lewis; he practiced alone until April 3, 1912, when O. B. Colquitt appointed him associate justice of the Texas Supreme Court. Phillips was elected to the office in November 1912, was appointed chief justice on May 27, 1915, and was elected to the office in 1916 and in 1918. He resigned to resume private practice in 1921. On October 21, 1896, he married Susie McFadden at Milford; they had one son. Phillips died in Dallas on March 31, 1939, and was buried there in Hillcrest Memorial Park.