Philpott, Benjamin Allen (1811–1892)

By: Stephanie P. Niemeyer

Type: Biography

Published: May 26, 2011

Benjamin Allen Philpott, Texas state legislator and Confederate infantry officer, was born on September 26, 1811, in Washington County, Maryland, to Horatio V. and Nancy Ann (Allen) Philpott. Benjamin moved to Morgan County, Alabama, and received his education there at Somerville Academy. According to his biographical sketch published in the Texas Legislative Manual (1879), Philpott practiced law in Morgan County and was a representative in the Alabama legislature. He married Margaret Scrubbs on May 2, 1837, in Madison County, Alabama. Possibly as early as 1841, Philpott and his wife moved to Fairfield, Freestone County, Texas. By 1860 he had combined real and personal wealth of $22,500 and was listed as a farmer in Freestone County in the census.

When the Civil War began, Philpott joined the Twelfth Texas Infantry (also known as the Eighth Texas Infantry) and served as a lieutenant colonel. The Twelfth was assigned to East Texas from February to May 1862. In August 1862 they were ordered to Little Rock, Arkansas, where they joined Col. Overton Young's First Brigade.

Philpott returned to Fairfield after serving eighteen months in the Confederate Army. Following the death of his first wife in 1874, he married Martha Sarah Bishop on April 27, 1875, in Corsicana, Texas. He served two terms, as a Democrat, in the Texas legislature beginning in 1879. Benjamin A. Philpott died on November 17, 1892, and is buried in Fairfield Cemetery in Fairfield, Texas.

Clark Claude Compton, transcriber, "The Bible of Benjamin Allen Philpott" (, accessed March 29, 2011. Dallas Morning News, November 19, 1892. Freestone County Historical Commission, History of Freestone County, Texas (Fairfield, Texas, 1978). Legislative Reference Library of Texas: Benjamin Philpott (, accessed March 29, 2011.

  • Sixteenth Legislature (1879)
  • Seventeenth Legislature (1881-1882)
  • House
Time Periods:
  • Civil War

The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this entry.

Stephanie P. Niemeyer, “Philpott, Benjamin Allen,” Handbook of Texas Online, accessed June 29, 2022,

Published by the Texas State Historical Association.

May 26, 2011

This entry belongs to the following Handbook Special Projects: