Timothy Pillsbury, Republic of Texas and United States congressman, was born in Newburyport, Massachusetts, on April 12, 1780. After moving to Maine, where he engaged in shipping, he served as representative in the Maine legislature in 1825–26 and Executive Council member from 1827 to 1836. After a brief period in Ohio and New Orleans, he moved in 1837 to Brazoria County, Texas, where he engaged in farming. Pillsbury represented Brazoria County in the House of the republic in 1840 and 1841 and the Senate in 1842. After serving as Brazoria County chief justice and probate judge, he returned to the Senate in 1845 and on March 30, 1846, was elected by the Texas legislature as a Democrat to the United States House of Representatives. In Washington he represented a district that included all of Texas west of the Trinity River until March 13, 1849. He ran unsuccessfully for reelection in 1848. Pillsbury, who was a Mason, died in Henderson, Texas, on November 23, 1858, and was buried in the Henderson City Cemetery.