Pioneer, TX

By: Noel Wiggins

Type: General Entry

Published: 1952

Updated: May 1, 1995

Pioneer is on Farm roads 569 and 374, in the southwestern corner of Eastland County. It was established in 1883 and named by Captain A. M. Curry. In 1885 a post office was granted with Bill Smith as postmaster. In May 1922, near the end of the Eastland County oil boom, the Bryson wells near Pioneer reached a daily production of 7,200 barrels. Later, the Eakin No. 4 surpassed all the other wells in the county by producing 20,000 barrels a day. With the high-gravity crude oil bringing $2.88 a barrel, Pioneer wells grossed over $1 million a year for two consecutive years. The population increased from around thirty to perhaps 5,000. As a result of the boom Pioneer was among eight Eastland County towns with an independent school district in 1924 and 1942, a distinction it no longer retained in the 1990s. The population was forty in 1980 and 2000.

Edwin T. Cox, History of Eastland County, Texas (San Antonio: Naylor, 1950). The Ranger Story: A Brief History of Ranger (Ranger, Texas: Ranger Times, 1967?).
  • Communities

The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this entry.

Noel Wiggins, “Pioneer, TX,” Handbook of Texas Online, accessed July 07, 2022,

Published by the Texas State Historical Association.

May 1, 1995

Currently Exists
Place Type
Town Fields
  • Has post office: No
  • Is Incorporated: No
Belongs to
  • Eastland County
  • Latitude: 32.11152850°
  • Longitude: -99.08756290°
Population Counts
People Year
20 2009