Poe, James Granger (1873–1935)

By: Kenneth E. Austin

Type: Biography

Published: May 1, 1995

James Granger Poe, professor and anesthesiologist, was born on April 3, 1873, in Alvaton, Kentucky, the son of farmers F. J. and Elviry Poe. After attending public school in Bowling Green, Kentucky, he received a degree from the Southern Normal School and Business College of Bowling Green, Kentucky. He received first honors on March 22, 1894, from the University of Tennessee Medical Department at Nashville. He taught one year at his alma mater and was elected demonstrator of anatomy at the college before reaching the age of twenty-one. Poe practiced medicine for three years in Nashville. He married a woman named Emma in 1896, moved to Dallas in 1898, and continued his general practice. By 1900 Poe's household included his wife, a brother and nephew, and a German-born housekeeper. His office moved frequently between 1900 and 1919 and was often located in his home. Poe joined the staff of Texas Baptist Memorial Sanitarium in Dallas in 1919 as an instructor in anesthesiology. He continued his work there when the hospital's name changed in 1921 to Baylor University College of Medicine. Poe was the author of General Anaesthesia, a Text Book for Students and Practitioners of the Art of Anaesthesia (1926). Between 1928 and 1934 he wrote articles on anesthesia and safety precautions involving its use. His most significant contribution to his field was the perfection of an apparatus that used ethylene to eliminate the danger of explosion where ventilation was difficult. He was named director general of anesthesia at Baylor Hospital. Poe maintained membership in the American Medical Association, Associated Anesthetists of the United States and Canada, the Texas Medical Association, and the Dallas County Medical Society. He was a member of the First Baptist Church of Dallas and the East Dallas Masonic Lodge No. 1200 and a Shriner at Hella Temple. His wife was active on the Dallas Doctors Wives Auxiliary. Poe died at his home in Dallas on June 15, 1935, and was buried at Restland Memorial Cemetery in Dallas. He was survived by his wife, a son, a brother, and two grandsons.

Dallas Morning News, June 16, 17, 1935. Marie Louise Giles, The Early History of Medicine in Dallas, 1841–1900 (M.A. thesis, University of Texas, 1951). Texas State Journal of Medicine, August 1935.
  • Education
  • Educators
  • Medical
  • Health and Medicine
  • Founders and Pioneers
  • School Founders
  • Physicians and Surgeons
  • Anesthesiologists
  • North Texas
  • Dallas/Fort Worth Region
  • Dallas

The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this entry.

Kenneth E. Austin, “Poe, James Granger,” Handbook of Texas Online, accessed June 26, 2022, https://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/entries/poe-james-granger.

Published by the Texas State Historical Association.

May 1, 1995

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