The Handbook of Texas is free-to-use thanks to the support of readers like you. Support the Handbook today.

Font size: A / A reset

Priour, Rosalie Hart (1825–1903)

Frank Wagner Biography Entry

Rosalie Priour, pioneer, merchant, and autobiographer, was born on August 1, 1825, in Ballymoney, Wexford County, Ireland, the youngest of the ten children of Tom and Elizabeth (O'Leary) Hart. She was christened Bridget and given the name Rosalie, by which she was subsequently known, at her confirmation. She sailed to Texas in 1834 with her parents, who were settlers in the Power and Hewetson colony. Her father died of cholera the day the family landed at Copano, and the widow and her two surviving daughters lived at Refugio until the Texas Revolution. The family fled before the Mexican armies and obtained passage on the American steamship Tensaw, bound for New Orleans. A Mexican cruiser tried to intercept the Tensaw, but the steamship sped away and put in at Mobile. The family lived for the next several years in Mobile and Tuscaloosa. Rosalie Hart was married on October 29, 1844, to Jean Marie Priour, a French gardener who later became a United States citizen, at Mobile. She and her husband joined the widow Hart in Corpus Christi after the Mexican War. There Mrs. Priour and her mother operated a commission mercantile trade in the 1850s. Their correspondence with lawyers and agents in New Orleans and Mobile, much of it in French, provides a great deal of information about business conditions in Corpus Christi. During the Civil War Rosalie Priour was the only teacher at Corpus Christi Academy. Her husband remained neutral during the war, and his skill as a huntsman and gardener enabled the family to survive. The Priours had ten children, two of whom died in infancy. Late in life Mrs. Priour wrote three drafts of an autobiography that narrated her life up to the end of the Civil War. She died on August 24, 1903, in Corpus Christi.

Sally Garwood Robeau, Of Pride and Pioneers: A Story of the Priour Family (n.d).


  • Peoples
  • Irish
  • Journalism
  • Writers, Authors, Publications, and Literature
  • Authors and Writers
  • Business
  • Women
  • Founders and Pioneers
  • Pioneers

The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this entry.

Frank Wagner, “Priour, Rosalie Hart,” Handbook of Texas Online, accessed June 22, 2021,

Published by the Texas State Historical Association.

May 1, 1995

This entry belongs to the following Handbook Special Projects: