Pruitt, John (ca. 1804–unknown)

By: Christopher Long

Type: Biography

Published: May 1, 1995

John Pruitt, Rusk County planter, was born around 1804 in Tennessee. He moved to Texas before 1850 and settled in Rusk County, where he acquired a large tract of land. The 1860 census lists him with personal property valued at $70,800. His plantation included some 1,150 improved acres and in 1860 produced 10,000 bushels of corn and 400 bales of cotton. Pruitt also owned 105 slaves.

Randolph B. Campbell, An Empire for Slavery: The Peculiar Institution in Texas, 1821–1865 (Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press, 1989). Randolph B. Campbell and Richard G. Lowe, Wealth and Power in Antebellum Texas (College Station: Texas A&M University Press, 1977). Ralph A. Wooster, "Wealthy Texans, 1860," Southwestern Historical Quarterly 71 (October 1967).


  • Agriculture
  • Plantation Owners

Time Periods:

  • Antebellum Texas

The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this entry.

Christopher Long, “Pruitt, John,” Handbook of Texas Online, accessed September 28, 2021,

Published by the Texas State Historical Association.

May 1, 1995