Quillin, Ellen Dorothy Schulz (1887–1970)

By: Cecilia Steinfeldt

Type: Biography

Published: June 1, 1995

Updated: February 22, 2018

Ellen Dorothy Schulz Quillin, botanist, author, educator, and museum director, daughter of William and Anna (Muelfeldt) Schulz, was born in Saginaw County, Michigan, on June 16, 1887. She graduated from the University of Michigan in 1918 with an M.S. and did postgraduate work at the University of Texas from 1920 to 1922. She lacked only a few hours of receiving her Sc.D. at the University of Michigan. Her professional positions included head of the science department, Main Avenue High School, San Antonio, 1916–23; director of nature study and science, San Antonio Public Schools, 1923–33; instructor, systematic botany, University of Texas, summers, 1921–23; and lecturer on natural history, 1927–51. On July 29, 1927, Ellen Schulz married Roy W. Quillin, an oil company employee and ornithologist. They were kindred spirits, exploring the countryside around San Antonio and studying the flora and fauna on their weekend jaunts. They had no children.

Ellen Quillin’s greatest contribution to the cultural history of the state, however, was the establishment of the Witte Museum in San Antonio. She was instrumental in starting the San Antonio Museum Association and raising funds for the Attwater Collection (the collection of Henry P. Attwater), which was housed at Main Avenue High. She worked to provide a larger space to showcase the Attwater collection and others like it. She successfully petitioned Mayor John W. Tobin for a site and funds for a museum and raised funds for the museum building and exhibits. The Witte Memorial Museum opened on October 8, 1926, as an institution devoted to natural history, Texas history, and the arts and sponsored by the San Antonio Museum Association, the San Antonio Conservation Society, and the San Antonio Art League. Ellen Schulz Quillin was elected the first director of the museum. Initially and through the 1930s, she was paid one dollar a year and managed an operating budget of approximately $100. She held the position of director for thirty four years; she retired in 1960 but continued as director emeritus until her death.

Under her leadership the museum acquired historic houses, developed departments of natural history and art, and collected items to tell the story of Texas. When museums were closing all over the country during the Great Depression, Ellen Quillin opened the Reptile Garden on June 8, 1933. This bizarre venture served to raise enough funding to keep museum personnel on curtailed salaries and the museum open. But the Reptile Garden became something more than a tourist attraction; it became a research facility for scientific antivenom experimentation and a center of interest in herpetology that attracted scholars from many parts of the United States, Mexico, and South America.

Ellen Quillin served as assistant director of the San Antonio Art Institute from 1942 to 1950 and as acting director from 1950 to 1952. Her memberships and honors included Texas Academy of Science (charter member, fellow 1929, honorary life fellow 1949, vice president 1942); Texas Nature Federation (charter member); Cactus and Succulent Society of America (fellow 1945); Phi Sigma Biological Society (University of Texas, 1942); San Antonio Council of Presidents (member 1936, vice president 1945–47); San Antonio Museum Association (charter member 1923, honorary life member); San Antonio Art League, 1923 (honorary director, 1960); San Antonio Conservation Society (1924); City Federation of Women's Clubs (1925); Historic Buildings Foundation (honorary life member, 1943); San Antonio Garden Center (1942); San Antonio Flower Association (honorary member, 1950); San Antonio Science Club (founder 1925, president 1929); and San Antonio Hand Weaver's Guild (honorary member, 1945). She was also a well known lecturer on natural history throughout her career. She wrote several scholarly books and numerous articles on botany. She authored Wild Flowers of San Antonio and Vicinity, 1922; Texas Wild Flowers, 1928; Texas Cacti, with Robert Runyon, published by the Texas Academy of Science, 1931; Cactus Culture, 1937; Outdoor Adventures, with Charles Gable, 1936; and The Story of the Witte Memorial Museum, 1922–1960, with Bess Carroll Woolford, 1966.

Quillin retired as the Witte Memorial Museum director in May 1960, and on October 30 of that year the city of San Antonio paid tribute to her by declaring it “Ellen S. Quillin Day.” There was a large reception in her honor at the museum. The city council appointed her director emeritus in recognition of her long and faithful service, and Trinity University presented her with a citation. She died of an apparent heart attack at her home in San Antonio on May 6, 1970, and was survived by her husband. She was buried in Sunset Memorial Park in San Antonio. Dr. William A. Burns, her successor as director, stated: "Without the foresight, administrative ability and dedication of Mrs. Quillin, there would be no Witte Museum. She is one of the great museologists of our century."

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“The History of the Witte Museum,” The Witte Museum (https://www.wittemuseum.org/history/), accessed February 28, 2018. Ina M. O. McAdams, Texas Women of Distinction (Austin: McAdams, 1962). Ellen Schulz Quillin Papers, 1924–1968, Col 910, Daughters of the Republic of Texas Library, San Antonio, Texas. San Antonio Express, October 30, 1960. San Antonio Light, May 7, 1970. 

  • Museums, Libraries, and Archives
  • Museums
  • Museum Administrators, Curators, and Directors
  • Visual Arts
  • Photography
  • Women
  • Education
  • Science
  • Scientists and Researchers
Time Periods:
  • Texas in the 1920s

The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this entry.

Cecilia Steinfeldt, “Quillin, Ellen Dorothy Schulz,” Handbook of Texas Online, accessed August 15, 2022, https://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/entries/quillin-ellen-dorothy-schulz.

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June 1, 1995
February 22, 2018

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