Rains, Emory (1800–1878)

By: Annie May Schrimsher

Revised by: Randolph B. "Mike" Campbell

Type: Biography

Published: 1976

Updated: January 11, 2022

Emory Rains, early legislator, was born in Warren County, Tennessee, on May 4, 1800, the son of John and Mary Ann Katie (Duncan) Emory. He came to Texas with his family in 1817, settling first at Nacogdoches and then moving to Shelby County. During his early years in Texas, he became a largely self-taught lawyer and began a career in politics. He represented Shelby County as senator in the Second and Third congresses of the republic and in the Convention of 1845. Among Rains's most important legislative accomplishments was his sponsorship of the Homestead Law in 1839. After annexation he continued to represent Shelby County in the House of the Second, Fourth, and Fifth legislatures. Sometime before 1859 he moved to Wood County, and he represented that county in the Senate of the Eighth Legislature. When Texas seceded from the United States, Rains did not swear allegiance to the Confederacy or participate in the Civil War. During Reconstruction in 1869, he helped survey a new county from Wood County that was established in 1870 and named in his honor. The county seat town, first named Springville, was renamed Emory, also in his honor. Rains was married to Marana Anderson in 1822. The couple had twelve children. Rains died at his home in Rains County on March 4, 1878, and was buried in the City Cemetery at Emory.

Galveston News, April 12, 1878. Louis Wiltz Kemp Papers, Dolph Briscoe Center for American History, University of Texas at Austin. Texas House of Representatives, Biographical Directory of the Texan Conventions and Congresses, 1832–1845 (Austin: Book Exchange, 1941). Homer S. Thrall, A Pictorial History of Texas (St. Louis: Thompson, 1879).

  • Second Legislature (1847-1848)
  • House
  • Politics and Government
  • Government Officials
  • State Legislators
  • Eighth Legislature (1859-1861)
  • Fifth Legislature (1853-1854)
  • Fourth Legislature (1851-1853)
  • Republic of Texas Congressmen
  • Second Congress (1837-1838)
  • Third Congress (1838-1839)

The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this entry.

Annie May Schrimsher Revised by Randolph B. "Mike" Campbell, “Rains, Emory,” Handbook of Texas Online, accessed June 25, 2022, https://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/entries/rains-emory.

Published by the Texas State Historical Association.

January 11, 2022