Rath City, TX


By: Charles G. Davis

Type: General Entry

Published: March 1, 1995

Updated: April 30, 2019


Rath City, also known as Reynolds, Hide Town, Rath, and Rath's Store, was a short-lived frontier town established in 1876 on the Double Mountain Fork of the Brazos River fourteen miles northwest of Hamlin in southern Stonewall County. The town, founded to capitalize on the flourishing buffalo trade, was the first Stonewall County settlement. By 1877 it consisted of a store, two saloons, a dance hall, and a few tents and dugouts. The site was named for Charlie C. Rath, who in 1875 built a store there, around which the settlement grew. Rath had previously owned a store at Adobe Walls but left there, as did the buffalo hunters, following Indian attacks in 1874 and 1875. Rath City became the rallying point for some 300 frontiersmen in February 1877 after fellow hunter Marshall Sewell (or Soule) was killed by Indians. An expedition of forty-five men left the settlement and pursued a war party of Comanches under Black Horse to a site north of the present city of Lubbock. After an inconclusive battle in Yellow House Canyon on February 22, 1877, the hunters returned to Rath City, thus completing one of the last Indian campaigns on the Southern Plains. A declining buffalo population brought an end to the settlement, and it was abandoned by 1880.

Ed Ellsworth Bartholomew, The Encyclopedia of Texas Ghost Towns (Fort Davis, Texas, 1982). A History of Stonewall County (Aspermont, Texas: Stonewall County Historical Commission, 1979). Naomi H. Kincaid, "Rath City," West Texas Historical Association Year Book 24 (1948). Curtis D. Tunnell, "Texas Heritage Lost: The Fate of Rath City," Medallion, October 1982. Paul I. Wellman, Death on the Prairie: The Thirty Years' Struggle for the Western Plains (New York: Macmillan, 1934).

Places:
  • Communities

The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this entry.

Charles G. Davis, “Rath City, TX,” Handbook of Texas Online, accessed June 27, 2022, https://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/entries/rath-city-tx.

Published by the Texas State Historical Association.

March 1, 1995
April 30, 2019

Place
Rath City
Currently Exists
No
Place Type
Town
Town Fields
  • Has post office: No
  • Is Incorporated: No
Belongs to
  • Stonewall County
Associated Names

Rath

Rath's Store

Hide Town

Reynolds

Coordinates
  • Latitude: 33.01159400°
  • Longitude: -100.18102500°
Great Texas Land Rush logo
Adoption Status: ⭐
This place has been adopted and will not be available until August 29, 2022
Adopted by:
Bob Rogers, Robert Rogers and Clive Siegle