With the motto "The great appear great to us only because we are on our knees—Let us arise," The Rebel began weekly publication as the state paper representing the Socialist party in Hallettsville, Lavaca County in 1911. Thomas A. Hickey and E. O. Meitzen owned and operated the Socialist Printing Company, which produced The Rebel. Hickey and Meitzen also published the socialist paper New Era, which was published concurrently with The Rebel. By 1912 the circulation of The Rebel reached 17,000 statewide, and this increased to 23,000 before World War I. In 1917 publication was halted by government order.
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Paul C. Boethel, The History of Lavaca County (San Antonio: Naylor, 1936; rev. ed., Austin: Von Boeckmann-Jones, 1959).
Politics and Government
Writers, Authors, Publications, and Literature
Publications, Journals, and Magazines
The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this entry.
Handbook of Texas Online,
accessed May 24, 2022,
Published by the Texas State Historical Association.
Original Publication Date:
June 1, 1995
Most Recent Revision Date:
October 17, 2019