By: Jeff Carroll

Type: General Entry

Published: June 1, 1995

Updated: October 17, 2019

With the motto "The great appear great to us only because we are on our kneesā€”Let us arise," The Rebel began weekly publication as the state paper representing the Socialist party in Hallettsville, Lavaca County in 1911. Thomas A. Hickey and E. O. Meitzen owned and operated the Socialist Printing Company, which produced The Rebel. Hickey and Meitzen also published the socialist paper New Era, which was published concurrently with The Rebel. By 1912 the circulation of The Rebel reached 17,000 statewide, and this increased to 23,000 before World War I. In 1917 publication was halted by government order.

Paul C. Boethel, The History of Lavaca County (San Antonio: Naylor, 1936; rev. ed., Austin: Von Boeckmann-Jones, 1959).

  • Journalism
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  • Labor
  • Politics and Government
  • Writers, Authors, Publications, and Literature
  • Publications, Journals, and Magazines
  • Newspapers

The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this entry.

Jeff Carroll, “Rebel,” Handbook of Texas Online, accessed May 24, 2022,

Published by the Texas State Historical Association.

June 1, 1995
October 17, 2019