Resnik, Judith Arlene (1949–1986)

By: Debbie Mauldin Cottrell

Type: Biography

Published: May 1, 1995

Updated: December 3, 2021

Judith Arlene Resnik, scientist, astronaut, and the second American woman to travel in space, was born in Akron, Ohio, on April 5, 1949, the daughter of Marvin and Sarah (Polen) Resnik. She lived in Texas from 1978 until 1986 while training and working at the Lyndon B. Johnson Space Center in Houston. Although her parents were first-generation Jewish immigrants from Russia and she attended Hebrew schools, Resnik did not practice Judaism. After her parents were divorced when she was seventeen, she lived with her father until entering Carnegie-Mellon University in Pittsburgh, where she received a bachelor's degree in electrical engineering in 1970. Seven years later she earned a doctorate in the same field from the University of Maryland. Resnik was employed by the Radio Corporation of America as a design engineer in New Jersey and Virginia in the early 1970s. Before joining NASA, she also served as a biomedical engineer at the National Institutes of Health in Bethesda, Maryland, and as a senior systems engineer for Xerox Corporation in California. In 1970 she was married to Michael Oldak, whom she met at Carnegie-Mellon; they were divorced before she joined NASA. Her organizational affiliations included the American Association for the Advancement of Science, the American Association of University Women, and the Society of Women Engineers.

Resnik applied to NASA in 1977 and entered the astronaut-training program with thirty-five others in Houston in January 1978. This group included the first six women picked to participate in NASA flight preparation. After her training Resnik worked on orbiter development for the space administration and also served as a technical commentator for network television coverage of the 1982 flight of the space shuttle Columbia. In August 1984, a year after Sally Ride became the first American woman to fly in space, Resnik made her first space flight, as a mission specialist on the seven-day maiden flight of the orbiter Discovery. Throughout her tenure at NASA, she was an expert in the use of the robot arm on shuttle flights, which was operated from within the aircraft to perform tasks outside of them. Her second space flight was in 1986 on the Challenger, where she was again assigned to be a mission specialist. She and the other six crew members of this flight were killed when the Challenger exploded soon after takeoff on January 28, 1986. She was a classical pianist, pilot, and avid sportswoman. She was survived by her parents and one brother.

Visit the Texas Women Project's standalone website

The Handbook of Texas Women project has its own dedicated website and resources.

Visit Website

Houston Chronicle, April 19, 1981. New York Times, January 29, 1986. Mary Beth Rogers et al., We Can Fly: Stories of Katherine Stinson and Other Gutsy Texas Women (Austin: Texas Foundation for Women's Resources, 1983). Scott Spencer and Chris Spolar, "The Epic Flight of Judith Resnik-An Investigative Obituary," Esquire, December 1986.


  • Peoples
  • Jews
  • Aviation and Aerospace
  • Women

Time Periods:

  • Texas Post World War II


  • East Texas
  • Upper Gulf Coast
  • Houston

The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this entry.

Debbie Mauldin Cottrell, “Resnik, Judith Arlene,” Handbook of Texas Online, accessed December 08, 2021,

Published by the Texas State Historical Association.

All copyrighted materials included within the Handbook of Texas Online are in accordance with Title 17 U.S.C. Section 107 related to Copyright and “Fair Use” for Non-Profit educational institutions, which permits the Texas State Historical Association (TSHA), to utilize copyrighted materials to further scholarship, education, and inform the public. The TSHA makes every effort to conform to the principles of fair use and to comply with copyright law.

For more information go to:

If you wish to use copyrighted material from this site for purposes of your own that go beyond fair use, you must obtain permission from the copyright owner.

May 1, 1995
December 3, 2021

This entry belongs to the following Handbook Special Projects: