Jefferson Carroll Rogers, Texas Ranger, sheriff, and Confederate infantry officer, was born in Lawrence County, Tennessee, on March 24, 1824, to William Rogers, originally of South Carolina. As a young man, Jefferson traveled to Tippah County, Mississippi, where he enlisted in the United States Army during the Mexican War. He moved to Milam County in 1852 and served as county sheriff from 1854 to 1858 and then district clerk until 1860. He also served as a Texas Ranger in the years before 1860 and is listed as having a wife named Nancy.
At the beginning of the Civil War, Rogers commanded the Milam County Grays, which later became Company G of the Fifth Texas Infantry. He was promoted to major on November 1, 1862. At Chickamauga on September 19–20, 1863, he commanded the Fifth and was wounded on the left side of his body during the battle. Although Rogers spent time recuperating in Selma, Alabama, the injuries left him disabled, and he resigned to the Invalid Corps on October 25, 1864. He was paroled on May 12, 1865, in Meridian, Mississippi.
Soon after Rogers returned to Milam County, his wife Nancy died on August 26, 1866. He married his second wife Martha on December 14, 1868, in Bell County. In 1872 Rogers was elected county judge, which he served until 1875. He was then elected county clerk and served until 1880. Jefferson C. Rogers died on February 27, 1885, in Milam County and is buried with his first wife Nancy in the Cameron Pioneer Cemetery.
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Frank W. Johnson, A History of Texas and Texans (5 vols., ed. E. C. Barker and E. W. Winkler [Chicago and New York: American Historical Society, 1914; rpt. 1916]). Harold B. Simpson., Hood's Texas Brigade: A Compendium (Hillsboro, Texas: Hill Junior College Press, 1977). James E. Williams, Milam County, Texas in the Civil War (self published, 1993).
Law, Law Enforcement, and Outlaws
The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this entry.
Stephanie P. Niemeyer,
“Rogers, Jefferson Carroll,”
Handbook of Texas Online,
accessed June 29, 2022,
Published by the Texas State Historical Association.
Original Publication Date:
May 26, 2011
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