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Roman, Richard (1811–1875)

Hobart Huson Biography Entry

Richard Roman, soldier and politician, son of William Roman, was born in Fayette County, Kentucky, in 1811. He attended the medical college of Transylvania University in 1830–31 but did not graduate. He moved to Illinois in 1831 and shortly thereafter served as captain in the Black Hawk War. He moved to Texas in December 1835 or January 1836 and, upon organization of Capt. John Hart's company on January 19, 1836, was elected first lieutenant. He became captain on February 13. His group participated in the battle of San Jacinto, in which Roman distinguished himself. He became aide-de-camp to Gen. Thomas J. Rusk on June 29, 1836, and served in that capacity until September 4. Roman represented Victoria County in the House of the First Congress of the republic. He then moved to Aransas City and represented Refugio County in the Third Congress. On April 25, 1839, he was elected clerk of the board of land commissioners of Refugio County and about the same time was admitted to the bar. In 1839, while living in Refugio County, he joined the Mexican Federalist army with the rank of lieutenant colonel of the Texian Auxiliary Corps. He distinguished himself in battles at Guerrero, Mier, and Alcantro. He became disgusted with Gen. Antonio Canales Rosillo's vacillating tactics, returned to Texas, and settled in Victoria County. Roman was elected county clerk on February 1, 1841, but his right to the office was successfully contested. He was mayor of Victoria in 1844. In 1844–45 he represented the Victoria-Jackson-Matagorda district as senator in the Ninth Congress. In August 1846 he was elected sergeant in Capt. Ben McCulloch's Company A of Col. John Coffee Hays's First Regiment, Texas Mounted Riflemen. He served under Gen. Zachary Taylor in the Mexican War. On September 20, 1846, he was promoted to major and appointed regimental commissary. Roman was wounded at the storming of Monterrey on September 21 but was able to participate in the battle of Buena Vista on February 23, 1847. He joined the gold rush of 1849 to California and became a permanent resident of that state. He died at the home of his nephew, William T. Wallace, in San Francisco on December 22, 1875.

Sam Houston Dixon and Louis Wiltz Kemp, The Heroes of San Jacinto (Houston: Anson Jones, 1932). Hobart Huson, District Judges of Refugio County (Refugio, Texas: Refugio Timely Remarks, 1941). Texas House of Representatives, Biographical Directory of the Texan Conventions and Congresses, 1832–1845 (Austin: Book Exchange, 1941).

Time Periods:

  • Texas Revolution

The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this entry.

Hobart Huson, “Roman, Richard,” Handbook of Texas Online, accessed June 13, 2021,

Published by the Texas State Historical Association.

October 1, 1995