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Rose, James M. (1805–1836)

Bill Groneman Biography Entry

James M. Rose, Alamo defender, son of Dr. Robert Henry and Frances Taylor (Madison) Rose, was born in Ohio in 1805. He was a nephew of James Madison, fourth president of the United States. Rose came to Texas from Arkansas at the time of the Texas Revolution and joined David Crockett sometime between early January and early February of 1836. He served in the Alamo garrison and died in the battle of the Alamo on March 6, 1836. Alamo survivor Susannah W. Dickinson remembered Rose talking to her husband, Almeron Dickinson, about a narrow escape during the early stages of the Alamo siege. She described Rose as being of medium height and heavy set, having a full square face, and speaking very rapidly. She also stated that he had light freckled skin, sandy hair, blue grey eyes, and broad, stooped shoulders.

Daughters of the American Revolution, The Alamo Heroes and Their Revolutionary Ancestors (San Antonio, 1976). Bill Groneman, Alamo Defenders (Austin: Eakin, 1990). C. Richard King, Susanna Dickinson: Messenger of the Alamo (Austin: Shoal Creek, 1976). Walter Lord, A Time to Stand (New York: Harper, 1961; 2d ed., Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press, 1978).

Time Periods:

  • Texas Revolution

The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this entry.

Bill Groneman, “Rose, James M.,” Handbook of Texas Online, accessed June 24, 2021,

Published by the Texas State Historical Association.

June 1, 1995
January 26, 2019