Russell, Alexander J. (1824–1850)

By: Shirley J. Shumate

Type: Biography

Published: 1952

Updated: February 2, 2019

Alexander J. Russell was born in 1824. Research has linked him to the James W. Russell family that moved to Bowie County, Texas, in 1842, as well as to the Russell families in Hopkins County. He was teaching school at DeKalb College in Clarksville in 1844 and paid his first poll tax in Red River County in 1845. He represented Bowie County in the First Legislature in 1846 and served in Capt. Benjamin McCulloch's company during the Mexican War; he took part in the battle of Monterrey. Russell owned his first business, A and R Russell, in 1847 in Bowie County, and served as superintendent of the Clarksville Male Academy (later Clarksville Male and Female Academy). Russell married Ann Duty on January 9, 1849, in Clarksville. The Dutys had settled in Red River County as early as 1838. The Russells had one child, Sarah, born in 1849. Russell died in Red River County on January 20, 1850, of a sudden illness. The county court appointed his widow the administrator of his estate.

Clarksville Northern Standard, March 3, 1849, February 16, 1850. Charles D. Spurlin, comp., Texas Veterans in the Mexican War: Muster Rolls of Texas Military Units (Victoria, Texas, 1984).


  • First Legislature (1846)
  • House

The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this entry.

Shirley J. Shumate, “Russell, Alexander J.,” Handbook of Texas Online, accessed September 27, 2021,

Published by the Texas State Historical Association.

February 2, 2019