Salazar de Esparza, Ana (unknown–1847)

By: Cynthia Orozco

Type: Biography

Published: June 1, 1995

Updated: February 5, 2019

Ana Salazar de Esparza, a survivor of the siege of the Alamo, was born in San Antonio de Béxar. One source states that she was born in 1806. She may, however, have been the María Josefa Ana Estacia Salazar, daughter of Gregorio and María Antonia (Gonzales) Salazar, who was baptized at San Fernando Church on January 23, 1813. In the early 1820s she married Victor de Castro, and they had a daughter. Castro died in 1825, and Ana later married José María Esparza. They had three or four children, including Enrique Esparza. After her marriage, she lived on La Calle de Acequia, presently Main Avenue in San Antonio. Her brief stay in the Alamo is known from her son Enrique's eyewitness account, given decades later to the San Antonio Express. Salazar de Esparza and her children reportedly entered the Alamo to seek refuge or to join her husband. She was given the opportunity to leave, but chose to stay. She was among the fifteen or so persons spared, including Señora Juana Navarro Alsbury, who were taken to the home of Ramón Músquiz. Señora de Esparza helped secure food for the survivors. Evidently, she moved with her family to Pleasanton, near San Antonio, where the family ranched. Cemetery records indicate that she died on December 12, 1847. In 1848 the legal heirs of José María Esparza, Enrique, Manuel, and Francisco, as descendents of residents of Texas before 1836, received a first-class headright grant of a league and labor (4,605 acres) in Llano County. The Esparzas also received a bounty grant of 1,920 acres in Bandera and Bexar counties for José María's military service. Additionally, they got a donation grant of 640 acres in Hays County for José M. Esparza's death in the Alamo.

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Evelyn M. Carrington, ed., Women in Early Texas (Austin: Pemberton Press, 1975). Bill Groneman, Alamo Defenders (Austin: Eakin, 1990). San Antonio Express, May 12, 19, 1907.


  • Peoples
  • Mexican Americans
  • Women
  • Military

The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this entry.

Cynthia Orozco, “Salazar de Esparza, Ana,” Handbook of Texas Online, accessed October 28, 2021,

Published by the Texas State Historical Association.

June 1, 1995
February 5, 2019

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