Sanchez, Luis (ca. 1804–unknown)

By: Mary M. Standifer

Type: Biography

Published: 1952

Updated: July 1, 1995

Luis (Lewis, Louis, or Louie) Sánchez, translator and early settler, was born in Mexico around 1804 of mixed Spanish and Indian parents. He was living in Nacogdoches by 1822, when he took an oath of loyalty to the Mexican government. By 1831 he was listed in the Nacogdoches census as a worker, aged twenty-seven, with a wife, María de Pilar Caro, and two children. Sánchez served intermittently between 1836 and 1850 as interpreter for the Texas and United States governments with six or seven Indian tribes. Sam Houston, who entrusted him with a number of assignments while endeavoring to conclude peace treaties with the various tribes, thought highly of his character and judgment. Along with Indian representatives, government officials, and other interpreters, Sánchez signed the Indian treaty made at Bird's Fort on September 29, 1843. He signed another treaty at Tehuacana Creek on October 9, 1844, and a third-between several tribes and the United States government-on May 15, 1846, at Council Springs in Robertson County. After the Córdova Rebellion of 1838 Sánchez personally provided "for the support of many Mexican women, and children, who were left destitute, in Nacogdoches County." The Texas Congress failed to compensate him for the costs he incurred, and Sánchez was forced to sell some of his property. On November 27, 1834, he had patented 4,428 acres, but by 1840 his holdings had been reduced to 800 acres. In 1840 the traveling board of land commissioners, appointed to verify claims for public land, certified Sánchez's claim for one labor, or 177 acres. On February 2, 1844, the Texas Congress passed a joint resolution expressing thanks to Sánchez for his "important services" in the Córdova Rebellion and "in bringing about peace with the hostile tribes of Indians, on our frontier." On March 16, 1848, the Texas legislature passed another joint resolution making provision for at least partial payment of Sánchez's $880 claim. See also INDIAN RELATIONS.

Carolyn Reeves Ericson, Abstract of All Original Texas Land Titles Comprising Grants and Locations to August 31, 1941 (St. Louis: Ingmire, 1981). Carolyn Reeves Ericson, comp., Citizens and Foreigners of the Nacogdoches District, 1809–1836 (2 vols., Nacogdoches, Texas: Ericson, 1981). Carolyn R. Ericson and Frances T. Ingmire, comps., First Settlers of the Republic of Texas (2 vols., Nacogdoches, Texas: Ericson; St. Louis, Missouri: Ingmire, 1982; Printed first by Cruger and Wing, Austin, 1841.). Grant Foreman, "The Texas Comanche Treaty of 1846," Southwestern Historical Quarterly 51 (April 1948). Hans Peter Nielsen Gammel, comp., Laws of Texas, 1822–1897 (10 vols., Austin: Gammel, 1898). Gifford E. White, ed., The 1840 Census of the Republic of Texas (Austin: Pemberton Press, 1966; 2d ed., Vol. 2 of 1840 Citizens of Texas, Austin, 1984). Amelia W. Williams and Eugene C. Barker, eds., The Writings of Sam Houston, 1813–1863 (8 vols., Austin: University of Texas Press, 1938–43; rpt., Austin and New York: Pemberton Press, 1970). Dorman H. Winfrey and James M. Day, eds., Texas Indian Papers (4 vols., Austin: Texas State Library, 1959–61; rpt., 5 vols., Austin: Pemberton Press, 1966). E. W. Winkler, ed., Secret Journals of the Senate, Republic of Texas (Austin, 1911).


  • Peoples
  • Native American
  • Exploration
  • Guides, Scouts, and Interpreters

The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this entry.

Mary M. Standifer, “Sanchez, Luis,” Handbook of Texas Online, accessed October 16, 2021,

Published by the Texas State Historical Association.

July 1, 1995