Luis (Lewis, Louis, or Louie) Sánchez, translator and early settler, was born in Mexico around 1804 of mixed Spanish and Indian parents. He was living in Nacogdoches by 1822, when he took an oath of loyalty to the Mexican government. By 1831 he was listed in the Nacogdoches census as a worker, aged twenty-seven, with a wife, María de Pilar Caro, and two children. Sánchez served intermittently between 1836 and 1850 as interpreter for the Texas and United States governments with six or seven Indian tribes. Sam Houston, who entrusted him with a number of assignments while endeavoring to conclude peace treaties with the various tribes, thought highly of his character and judgment. Along with Indian representatives, government officials, and other interpreters, Sánchez signed the Indian treaty made at Bird's Fort on September 29, 1843. He signed another treaty at Tehuacana Creek on October 9, 1844, and a third-between several tribes and the United States government-on May 15, 1846, at Council Springs in Robertson County. After the Córdova Rebellion of 1838 Sánchez personally provided "for the support of many Mexican women, and children, who were left destitute, in Nacogdoches County." The Texas Congress failed to compensate him for the costs he incurred, and Sánchez was forced to sell some of his property. On November 27, 1834, he had patented 4,428 acres, but by 1840 his holdings had been reduced to 800 acres. In 1840 the traveling board of land commissioners, appointed to verify claims for public land, certified Sánchez's claim for one labor, or 177 acres. On February 2, 1844, the Texas Congress passed a joint resolution expressing thanks to Sánchez for his "important services" in the Córdova Rebellion and "in bringing about peace with the hostile tribes of Indians, on our frontier." On March 16, 1848, the Texas legislature passed another joint resolution making provision for at least partial payment of Sánchez's $880 claim. See also INDIAN RELATIONS.