The Sanford and Northern Railway Company was built during the oil boom of the late 1920s. It was at first privately owned by the Riverside Sand and Gravel Company and used to haul gravel from the company's gravel pit at Riverside in Hutchinson County. When the company was bought by the Moore and Moore Land and Gravel Company the new owners applied for a charter from the state, which was granted on May 16, 1931. The railroad had one small locomotive and twenty cars to haul its gravel over 1½ miles of track. It was one of several railroads claiming to be the shortest chartered road in the country. For a few years the Sanford and Northern had a working agreement with the Chicago, Rock Island and Pacific Railway Company, which ran through Sanford, to share revenues of the caliche it hauled for road building. Moore owned the palatial private car of Hetty Green, legendary eastern capitalist. The car was parked on a siding and used as living quarters until it caught fire and burned. Revenues soon declined, and the railroad was abandoned.