José Antonio María Saucedo, cattleman and public official, was born on November 20, 1773, to José Antonio Saucedo, a soldier in the presidio company of San Antonio with whom he has sometimes been confused, and Margarita de Angulo. In 1802 he married Manuela Flores, by whom he had two daughters. Saucedo entered public life in 1809, when Governor Manuel Salcedo appointed him commissioner for the newly established south ward of San Antonio. During the Casas Revolt he participated in the counter-revolt that reestablished royalist rule in March 1811, and was appointed secretary of the governing junta that assumed control of the province. Saucedo was among those who remained loyal to the royal government during the José Bernardo Gutiérrez de Lara-led revolt of 1812, during which he was imprisoned for some time and had his property confiscated. Following the restoration of royalist rule after the battle of Medina, he served as alcalde and Commandant General Joaquín de Arredondo appointed him along with Luis Galán to inventory property confiscated from rebels. With longtime postmaster Erasmo Seguín under a cloud of treason, Saucedo also served for a time in that position before again taking up the post of secretary to the cabildo. In 1823 Saucedo was acting as secretary of the ayuntamiento and signed the notices declaring Texas adherence to the Plan of Casa Mata. Saucedo served as president of the provincial deputation in 1824 and as such functioned as governor of Texas. Following the establishment of the state of Coahuila and Texas in August 1824, the governor appointed Saucedo political chief for Texas and in that capacity approved the regulations for and defined the boundaries of Stephen F. Austin's colony. His support for legal Anglo-American colonization also included serving as land commissioner for Green DeWitt’s colony, but he was instrumental in suppressing the Fredonian Rebellion in 1826-1827 and in working to tamp down illegal immigration and contraband. With his health in decline, Saucedo stepped down as political chief in favor of his assistant Ramón Músquiz. José Antonio Saucedo died in April 1832 in San Antonio, after a distinguished career of public service to Spanish and Mexican Texas.
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Vito Alessio Robles, Coahuila y Texas en la época colonial (Mexico City: Editorial Cultura, 1938; 2d ed., Mexico City: Editorial Porrúa, 1978). Ohland Morton, Terán and Texas: A Chapter in Texas Mexican Relations (Austin: Texas State Historical Association, 1948). Raúl A. Ramos, “José Antonio Saucedo: At the Nexus of Change,” in Tejano Leadership in Mexican and Revolutionary Texas, ed. Jesús F. de la Teja (College Station: Texas A&M University Press, 2010).
The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this entry.
“Saucedo, Jose Antonio,”
Handbook of Texas Online,
accessed July 01, 2022,
Published by the Texas State Historical Association.
Original Publication Date:
Most Recent Revision Date:
February 28, 2021
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