Julius Schlott, pioneer druggist, son of Justus and Louise (Doerbecker) Schlott, was born in the area of Ziegenhain, Germany, on July 18, 1846. He immigrated to Galveston on September 15, 1852, with his parents, brothers, and sister. In 1853 both parents died of yellow fever. Schlott and his sister, Louise, were taken into the home of J. Henry and Augusta Carstens, who provided young Schlott with a private education. At the age of thirteen he went to work as an apprentice in George A. Behrman's drugstore. Schlott learned pharmacy and eventually managed the store for four years after Behrman's death in 1863. On December 17, 1867, at the age of twenty-one, Schlott opened his own drug business, the J. J. Schlott Drug Company. In 1869 he began to experiment with chicle in hopes of developing it for medicinal use. Although it proved to have no medicinal value, Schlott found that by refining and flavoring it he could make a desirable substitute for the spruce and paraffin chewing gum then in use. Schlott developed samples and circulated a pamphlet announcing the possibilities of chicle. For several years he imported and sold it wholesale to druggists throughout the country, until the Adams Chewing Gum Company confronted Schlott with a $50,000 lawsuit for infringement of patent. In a New Orleans court, Schlott proved that his pamphlets and samples antedated the patent by six years; although he won the case, he did not pursue his rights further. In 1885 Schlott ventured into another enterprise with Moxie, a carbonated drink popular in the North, which he distributed throughout the state. Its popularity made Schlott one of Galveston's major manufacturers. Schlott married Christina Rhode on July 13, 1871, and the couple had two daughters. After the death of his first wife he married Rosina Burnett. Schlott died in Galveston on May 6, 1928, and was buried in Hallettsville, Texas.
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Howard Barnstone, The Galveston That Was (New York: Macmillan, 1966). Galveston Daily News, June 16, 1926. J. J. Schott Papers, Rosenberg Library, Galveston. William S. Speer and John H. Brown, eds., Encyclopedia of the New West (Marshall, Texas: United States Biographical Publishing, 1881; rpt., Easley, South Carolina: Southern Historical Press, 1978).
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The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this entry.
Daniel R. Zorn,
“Schlott, Justus Julius,”
Handbook of Texas Online,
accessed June 27, 2022,
Published by the Texas State Historical Association.
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