Schuchard, Carl (1827–1883)

By: Kathleen Doherty

Type: Biography

Published: June 1, 1995

Updated: April 30, 2016

Carl Schuchard, illustrator, engineer, and miner, was born in Hesse-Cassel, Germany, on September 18, 1827, the son of Johann and Wilhelmina (Hartart) Schuchard. He graduated from the school of mines at Freiburg and joined the gold rush to California in 1849. He later went to Texas and in 1853 acted as artist to Andrew B. Gray's survey for the prospective route along the thirty-second parallel for the Texas Western Railroad Company. Although Schuchard and Gray had their differences regarding the selection of sites for illustrations, Gray praised Schuchard's work as "accurate" and "well-executed." Schuchard's illustrations in Gray's report include views of forts Chadbourne and Mason, the Hueco Tanks, several points at and near El Paso, the Guadalupe Mountains, and the Rio Grande and Pecos rivers. The vegetation in some illustrations seems a bit lush for the areas it depicts, but the pamphlet was, after all, a promotional piece. In addition, changes made by lithographers were not uncommon. The Smithsonian Institution housed Schuchard's drawings, but a fire in 1865 destroyed them as it did John Mix Stanley's work.

After his work on the survey was completed, Schuchard went to southern Arizona, worked as a mining engineer, and invested in the Sonora Exploring and Mining Company, which, like Gray's expedition, was funded by the Texas Western Railroad Company. Later he sold his mining interests and returned to Texas, where in 1859 he had a sheep ranch near Fredericksburg. Schuchard married Anna Stahl; they had one son. After the death of his wife in 1862 he went to Mexico and opened the Sierra Mojada Silver Mines in Corralitos, Chihuahua, Mexico. He was the manager of the Corralitos Mining Company when he died on May 4, 1883.

L. R. Bailey, ed., The A. B. Gray Report (Los Angeles: Westernlore Press, 1963). A. B. Gray, Survey of a Route for the Southern Pacific Railroad, on the 32nd Parallel (Cincinnati: Wrightson's, 1856). Robert Taft, Artists and Illustrators of the Old West, 1850–1900 (New York: Scribner, 1953; rpt., Princeton University Press, 1982). Vertical Files, Dolph Briscoe Center for American History, University of Texas at Austin.


  • Peoples
  • Germans
  • Visual Arts
  • Arts and Crafts
  • Illustration

The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this entry.

Kathleen Doherty, “Schuchard, Carl,” Handbook of Texas Online, accessed December 01, 2021,

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June 1, 1995
April 30, 2016