George Albert Simmons, cottonseed processor, the next to the youngest of seven children of James William and Mary (Barry) Simmons, was born on January 9, 1892, at Decatur, Texas. He attended grade school in Hobart, Oklahoma, and high school in Dallas. After attending the University of Dallas for two years, Simmons became an oiler in a cottonseed oil mill in Hollis, Oklahoma. From 1916 to 1930 he managed oil mills in Snyder, Oklahoma, and then in Quanah, Texas. He moved to Lubbock in 1930 to manage the Lubbock Cotton Oil Mill, one of several mills and gins operated in West Texas and New Mexico by the Simmons Cotton Oil Mills. He held this position until his death in 1954. By then he had become a national leader in the cotton-processing industry; he served as director (1938–54), vice president (1938–39), and president (1929–40) of the Texas Cottonseed Crushers' Association and was a director (1946–54) of the National Cotton Council. In 1952 he became chairman of the council's new Beltwide Pink Bollworm Committee (see PINK BOLLWORM). While in Quanah Simmons served on the city council and was president of the Rotary Club and the chamber of commerce. In Lubbock he became president of the chamber of commerce and was a member of the Lubbock National Defense Council during World War II. He was active in Boy Scout work and was a benefactor of the Division of Agriculture of Texas Technological College. Simmons married Maizie Bailey at Snyder, Oklahoma, in 1914. The couple had two sons. After the death of his wife in 1932, Simmons married Hazel James in 1935. He was a member of St. Elizabeth's Catholic Church in Lubbock. He died on March 22, 1954, after an automobile accident, and is buried in the City of Lubbock Cemetery. See also COTTONSEED INDUSTRY.
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Seymour V. Connor, ed., Builders of the Southwest (Lubbock: Southwest Collection, Texas Technological College, 1959). Lubbock Evening Journal, March 23, 1954.
Dallas/Fort Worth Region
The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this entry.
Lawrence L. Graves,
“Simmons, George Albert,”
Handbook of Texas Online,
accessed June 27, 2022,
Published by the Texas State Historical Association.
Original Publication Date:
Most Recent Revision Date:
June 1, 1995
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