The Texas Engineering Experiment Station, a statewide engineering and technology research agency, was established in 1914 by the board of directors of Texas A&M to aid the industrial development of Texas by investigating engineering and industrial problems and the dissemination of information related to such problems. Since its inception the station has continued to direct its efforts to the utilization of natural resources and the improvement of industrial processes. In 1994 A&M classified TEES as a branch of its Engineering Program. TEES has research units within the College of Engineering, including Aerospace Engineering, Chemical Engineering, Civil Engineering, Electrical Engineering, Mechanical Engineering, Nuclear Engineering, Industrial Engineering, and Petroleum Engineering. TEES has a division of Computer Science and Engineering Technology within the college as well. Technology-related divisions of TEES conduct interdisciplinary studies of various problems and issues. Eight such centers exist within the A&M system in the colleges of Architecture, Business Administration, Education, Geosciences, Liberal Arts, Medicine, Science, and Veterinary Medicine. TEES also maintains regional stations at Lamar, Texas A&M International, New Mexico State, Prairie View A&M, Texas A&M at Kingsville, Texas A&M at Galveston, Texas Woman's and West Texas A&M universities. In 1994 the director of the TEES was Dr. C. Roland Haden. He took on the position in October of 1993. Previous directors include D. W. Spence (1914–17), James C. Nagle (1917–22), E. J. Fermier (1922–25), F. C. Bolton (1925–27), F. E. Fiesecke (1925–39), Gibb Gilchrist (1939–44), and H. W. Barlow (1944–48). The TEES budget exceeds $45 million received from federal, state, and private funds. Seed money, specialized research equipment and facilities, and funds for sustaining proven research areas are provided by state general revenue funds. Typically, every state dollar invested in TEES generates four dollars in additional support through private grants and contract work. The TEES workload is conducted primarily by faculty and graduate students; however, full-time researchers are also employed. Current projects include the Institute for Manufacturing Systems, the Offshore Technology Research Center, the Center for Electrochemical Systems and Hydrogen Research, elector-optics research, and enhanced oil recovery. Previous research focused on road building, bridge construction, sanitation and sewage methods, petroleum refining, agricultural products, and aeronautical designs and installations.