Texas Water Quality Board

Type: General Entry

Published: 1976

Updated: August 1, 1995

The first separate state agency that was interested solely in state water pollution control was the Texas Water Pollution Advisory Council, established in 1953. It consisted of five ex officio members and was purely advisory. The Texas Pollution Control Act of 1961 established the Texas Water Pollution Control Board, which was empowered to issue permits and to generally control pollution. The Texas Water Quality Act of 1967 established the Texas Water Quality Board, which assumed the functions, powers, duties, and responsibilities of the Water Pollution Control Board. The Texas Water Quality Board consisted of seven members: the executive director of the Texas Water Development Board, the state commissioner of health, the executive director of the Texas Parks and Wildlife Department, the chairman of the Railroad Commission, and three members appointed from the public. Except for the deletion of the requirement that the governor appoint the members from private life to represent agriculture, industries, and oil and gas production, respectively, the membership of the Texas Water Quality Board was the same as that of the Water Pollution Control Board that preceded it. The Texas Water Quality Board was the chief agency to oversee water quality. It established guidelines for waste water discharge and was involved in the administration and inspection of proposed sewage treatment facilities and the proper appropriation of funds for such projects. The board held public hearings for permit applications, conducted research, and coordinated efforts with other state agencies to provide for effective water quality control. The agency was organized into three divisions: administrative, central operations, and field operations, which maintained eleven district offices in the state. Two other divisions, executive and hearings and enforcement, were later added. In 1976 the agency employed 400 people. The 1977 Water Reorganization Act consolidated the Texas Water Quality Board, the Texas Water Development Board, and the Texas Water Rights Commission into the Texas Department of Water Resources. While the other two agencies continued to operate as named organizations, the Texas Water Quality Board was abolished and its duties split between the two agencies.

The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this entry.

Anonymous, “Texas Water Quality Board,” Handbook of Texas Online, accessed August 15, 2022, https://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/entries/texas-water-quality-board.

Published by the Texas State Historical Association.

August 1, 1995