Thatcher, Thomas (1811–1862)

By: Randolph B. "Mike" Campbell and Brett J. Derbes

Type: Biography

Published: 1952

Updated: November 17, 2021

Thomas Thatcher, soldier and legislator, was born in Virginia on September 20, 1811, the son of Thomas and Jane (Ward) Thatcher. He shot and killed his cousin Samuel Manan in Vicksburg, Mississippi, on December 25, 1835, for not providing his dirk to attack another man during a quarrel. The coroner pronounced the death a murder, but Thatcher fled to Louisiana. A reward of $300 was offered, but he evaded capture. He moved to Texas by November 1840, when he represented Refugio County in the Fifth Congress of the Republic of Texas. He married Esther P. Jackson on July 8, 1841, and the couple had five children. He was elected justice of the peace of Precinct Four, Colorado County, in 1843 and reelected in 1845. He served as postmaster for Peach Creek in Wharton County from May 22, 1846, to July 1, 1847. On August 5, 1850, he was elected commissioner of Wharton County. In the 1850 census he was listed as a farmer in Wharton County with at least $57,634 in real estate. Ten years later he identified as a planter with more than $100,000 in personal and real estate. On May 25, 1861, he enlisted as a private in Thomas S. Deaderick's company, the Wharton Rifles, Light Infantry, 22nd Brigade. Thomas Thatcher died at Wharton on December 24, 1862.

A. C. Gray, From Virginia to Texas, 1835: Diary of Colonel William F. Gray (Houston: Gray, Dillaye, and Company, 1909). Texas House of Representatives, Biographical Directory of the Texan Conventions and Congresses, 1832–1845 (Austin: Book Exchange, 1941). Weekly Mississippian (Jackson, Mississippi), June 10, 1836.


  • Military
  • Confederate Military
  • Soldiers

Time Periods:

  • Antebellum Texas
  • Civil War

The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this entry.

Randolph B. "Mike" Campbell and Brett J. Derbes, “Thatcher, Thomas,” Handbook of Texas Online, accessed December 04, 2021,

Published by the Texas State Historical Association.

November 17, 2021

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