Thomson, Thaddeus Austin (1853–1927)

By: John D. Thompson

Type: Biography

Published: 1952

Updated: July 1, 1995

Thaddeus Austin Thomson, lawyer and diplomat, son of Thomas Coke and Mary Jane (Chriesman) Thomson and grandson of Texas pioneer Alexander Thomson, Jr., was born in Burleson County, Texas, on January 17, 1853. He attended Salado College and Texas Military Institute and was admitted to the bar on July 11, 1881. In 1912 Thomson was a delegate to the Democratic national convention. He was appointed by Woodrow Wilson as envoy extraordinary and minister plenipotentiary to Colombia and served from 1913 to 1916. On July 6, 1914, he signed the Thomson-Urrutia Treaty between the United States and Colombia. He married Annie Eloise Anderson on June 14, 1883; they had four children. Thomson was a Methodist and a longtime member of the Navy League. He died in Austin on January 18, 1927. His son, Thaddeus Austin, was a captain in the United States Navy and commanded the cruiser Wichita in Galveston Bay at the ceremonial dedication of the San Jacinto Battleground on April 21, 1939.

Burleson County Historical Society, Astride the Old San Antonio Road: A History of Burleson County, Texas (Dallas: Taylor, 1980). Who Was Who in America, Vol. 1.

The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this entry.

John D. Thompson, “Thomson, Thaddeus Austin,” Handbook of Texas Online, accessed June 27, 2022,

Published by the Texas State Historical Association.

July 1, 1995