Thruston, Algernon Sidney (1801–1864)

By: Randolph B. "Mike" Campbell and Brett J. Derbes

Type: Biography

Published: 1952

Updated: November 17, 2021

Algernon Sidney Thruston, soldier and lawyer, was born in Louisville, Kentucky, on May 19, 1801, the son of John and Elizabeth (Whiting) Thruston. He married Harriet C. Jacques of St. Louis, Missouri. They resided in Louisville, Kentucky, where Thruston practiced law. George C. Childress recommended Thruston to Stephen F. Austin as a man of quality and a good soldier. By 1835 he was practicing law in Texas, but he raised a company of soldiers and served as colonel. His nephew John M. Thruston served as a second lieutenant in the regular Texas cavalry and died at the battle of the Alamo on March 6, 1836. After the Texas Revolution he relocated to Houston in September 1837, began practicing law with Henry W. Fontaine, and became involved in local politics. Thruston served as commissary general for the Republic of Texas in 1837 and as quartermaster general in 1838. Sam Houston nominated him for attorney general on November 13, 1838, but Mirabeau B. Lamar became president before the nomination was approved by the Senate, and Thruston never filled the position. He received a headright and bounty certificate on July 16, 1845, from the republic for land in Coryell County. He was a member of the Masonic Holland Lodge No. 1 of Houston and was a charter member of the Grand Lodge of Texas. Thruston left Texas in 1850 to live in Florida and Illinois. In 1854 he returned to Daviess County, Kentucky, with his family that eventually grew to six children. He died at Owensboro, Kentucky, on March 5, 1864, and is buried there at the Rosehill Elmwood Cemetery. A town and school in eastern Daviess County, Kentucky, were named in his honor.

James David Carter, Masonry in Texas: Background, History and Influence to 1846 (Waco: Grand Lodge of Texas, 1955). James K. Greer, "The Committee on the Texas Declaration of Independence," Southwestern Historical Quarterly 30, 31 (April, July 1927). Louis Wiltz Kemp Papers, Dolph Briscoe Center for American History, University of Texas at Austin. Messenger-Inquirer (Owensboro, Kentucky), February 14, 1995, December 8, 2016. Telegraph and Texas Register, January 11, September 9, 1837. Amelia W. Williams and Eugene C. Barker, eds., The Writings of Sam Houston, 1813–1863 (8 vols., Austin: University of Texas Press, 1938–43; rpt., Austin and New York: Pemberton Press, 1970).

Time Periods:

  • Republic of Texas


  • Houston
  • Upper Gulf Coast
  • East Texas

The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this entry.

Randolph B. "Mike" Campbell and Brett J. Derbes, “Thruston, Algernon Sidney,” Handbook of Texas Online, accessed December 04, 2021,

Published by the Texas State Historical Association.

All copyrighted materials included within the Handbook of Texas Online are in accordance with Title 17 U.S.C. Section 107 related to Copyright and “Fair Use” for Non-Profit educational institutions, which permits the Texas State Historical Association (TSHA), to utilize copyrighted materials to further scholarship, education, and inform the public. The TSHA makes every effort to conform to the principles of fair use and to comply with copyright law.

For more information go to:

If you wish to use copyrighted material from this site for purposes of your own that go beyond fair use, you must obtain permission from the copyright owner.

November 17, 2021

This entry belongs to the following Handbook Special Projects: