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Toapa and Toapari Indians

Thomas N. Campbell General

These names are known from a single Spanish document of 1683 that identifies them as friends of the Jumano Indians, a tribe noted for wide travel across Texas. It seems likely that both lived somewhere in west central Texas. Their affiliations remain unknown.

Charles W. Hackett, ed., Pichardo's Treatise on the Limits of Louisiana and Texas (4 vols., Austin: University of Texas Press, 1931–46).


  • Peoples
  • Native American
  • Tribes (Other)

The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this entry.

Thomas N. Campbell, “Toapa and Toapari Indians,” Handbook of Texas Online, accessed October 01, 2020,

Published by the Texas State Historical Association.