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Traweek, Albert Carroll (1875–1959)

Eleanor Traweek Biography

Albert Carroll Traweek, physician, one of six children of Albert Ignacius and Georgia (Oates) Traweek, was born at Comanche, Texas, on December 1, 1875. About 1876 his family moved to Dublin, Texas, where the elder Traweek became a widely known merchant before moving to the plains of West Texas about 1891. Traweek received his degree from Fort Worth University School of Medicine and was issued a medical certificate by Baylor University. He later took postgraduate courses at New York Polyclinic and Chicago Polyclinic. He first practiced in Memphis, Texas, where he remained for a short time before moving to Matador in September 1897. He practiced medicine in Motley County for more than sixty-two years, first as the "saddle bag" doctor and then the "horse and buggy" doctor. Eventually Traweek took to riding a motorcycle as a more efficient way of reaching his far-flung patients, and he was the owner of the first automobile in Motley County. One story about him tells how a woman, after having been hooked in the abdomen by a milk cow, gathered up her intestines from the cow lot, put them in her apron, and sent for the doctor. Traweek worked half the night cleaning cow manure from perforated intestines and sewing organs in place. In an era before antibiotics, her recovery was a miracle. For more than half a century Traweek was known as the "pneumonia doctor" in the area because of his success in bringing patients through that dreaded disease. He was a fellow of the American College of Physicians and a member of the American Medical Association and the Texas State Medical Society (later the Texas Medical Association), in which he held a seat in the House of Delegates for over forty years. He was also a longtime member of the Dallas Southern Clinical Society. Traweek was a Methodist, a Democrat, a Mason, and a member of the Matador Lions Club and Chamber of Commerce. He built the first hospital in the county and was the county's first health officer. He married Allie Lenore Reiney of Fort Worth on June 21, 1897. They had three sons and three daughters. Traweek died on January 10, 1959, at Quanah Memorial Hospital in Quanah and was buried in Matador.

Eleanor Traweek, Of Such as These: A History of Motley County and Its Families (Quanah, Texas: Nortex, 1973).


  • Health and Medicine
  • Physicians and Surgeons
  • General Practitioners

The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this entry.

Eleanor Traweek, “Traweek, Albert Carroll,” Handbook of Texas Online, accessed September 21, 2020,

Published by the Texas State Historical Association.