The University of Texas System, established by the Texas Constitution in 1876, consisted of nine academic universities, six health institutions, and UT System administration in 2004. UT System institutions enrolled a total of 182,752 students in fall 2004 making it one of the largest systems of higher education in the nation.
Although each institution has its own unique mission, history, culture, goals, and objectives, all UT System campuses share an overarching mission to provide high-quality educational opportunities for the enhancement of the human resources of Texas, the nation, and the world. Enrollment at UT System academic institutions represents more than one-third of the total for Texas public universities. Fall 2004 enrollment figures show that more than one-third of UT System students are of Hispanic or African-American heritage.
With 87,000 employees, the UT System is one of the largest employers in Texas. UT academic and health institutions are among the key economic drivers of the state in numerous areas, including employment and education of a workforce prepared to meet the challenges of the 21st century. UT System institutions spent $1.54 billion on research leading to inventions, innovations, patents, and groundbreaking health care initiatives.
A nine-member board of regents governs the UT System. The regents are selected from different parts of the state, appointed by the governor, and confirmed by the senate for six-year terms. Past regents of the University of Texas System have included Frank C. Erwin, Jr.; Joe T. Nelson; Frank N. Ikard; Edward A. Clark; and John Robert Peace. The University of Texas System has used both presidential and chancellorship forms of administration. Past heads of the system have included Logan Wilson and Harry Huntt Ransom. In 2002, Mark G. Yudof was appointed chancellor, the ninth person to hold this position since it was created in 1950. See alsoPERMANENT UNIVERSITY FUND.
The University of Texas System Website (http://www.utsystem.edu), accessed Feb. 3, 2005.
Public Four-Year Colleges and Universities
Texas Post World War II
Upper Gulf Coast
The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this entry.
“University of Texas System,”
Handbook of Texas Online,
accessed September 22, 2021,
Published by the Texas State Historical Association.
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