Voss, Johann George Andreas (1809–ca. 1848)

By: Louis E. Brister

Type: Biography

Published: August 1, 1995

Updated: February 9, 2019

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George Voss, survivor of the Goliad Massacre and later one of the Bexar prisoners in Perote fortress, son of Hans Peter and Margaretha Elizabeth Voss, was born in Hamburg-Harburg, Germany, on May 19, 1809. In October 1835, immediately after his arrival in Texas, he rode into San Antonio intent upon joining the Texas army but instead was seized by the Mexican commandant, Gen. Martín Perfecto de Cos, and thrown into prison. After his release in December upon Cos's surrender of San Antonio to the Texans, Voss was assigned to the company of New Orleans Greys under Col. James W. Fannin at Goliad. He was still with that company on March 20, when Fannin surrendered to Gen. José de Urrea. Voss pretended to be a physician, and because the enemy valued his supposed medical skills, his life was spared at the Goliad Massacre. He was released from service in the Army of the Republic of Texas on May 30, 1836. Subsequently, he is reported to have seen "a great deal of frontier service," including several Indian fights and six months' service in the Texas Rangers, from March 1 to August 31, 1842, in Capt. John C. Hays's spy company. In September 1842 Voss was working as a merchant in San Antonio when that city was invaded and captured by Gen. Adrián Woll on order of the Mexican government. Voss was among sixty-two Texans who surrendered in the plaza on September 11, 1842. With most of the other Bexar prisoners he was taken to Perote prison in Mexico, where he remained until March 1844, when the Bexar and Dawson prisoners were released through the efforts of Waddy Thompson, the United States minister to Mexico (see DAWSON MASSACRE). Voss appears to have returned to San Antonio after his release from captivity in Mexico. He died sometime between January 14, 1846, when he appeared before the justice of the peace in New Braunfels to give testimony regarding money owed him by the state, and June 20, 1850, when witnesses appeared before the commissioner for Texas in New Orleans to certify that George Voss had died unmarried and intestate. His only heir was his sister Georgiana Voss Taber, who was residing at the time in New Orleans. As a survivor of both the Goliad Massacre and captivity in Perote prison, and as a former Texas Ranger, George Voss was one of the most experienced veterans of the Texas struggle to gain independence from Mexico and to civilize the frontier.

Thomas J. Green, Journal of the Texian Expedition Against Mier (New York: Harper, 1845; rpt., Austin: Steck, 1935). Joseph Milton Nance, trans. and ed., "Brigadier General Adrián Woll's Report of His Expedition into Texas in 1842," Southwestern Historical Quarterly 58 (April 1955). James L. Trueheart, The Perote Prisoners; Being the Diary of James L. Trueheart (San Antonio: Naylor, 1934).


  • Peoples
  • Germans
  • Military
  • Soldiers

Time Periods:

  • Texas Revolution

The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this entry.

Louis E. Brister, “Voss, Johann George Andreas,” Handbook of Texas Online, accessed September 18, 2021, https://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/entries/voss-johann-george-andreas.

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August 1, 1995
February 9, 2019