White, Raleigh R., Jr. (1872–1917)

By: Raleigh R. White IV

Type: Biography

Published: 1952

Updated: December 1, 1995

Raleigh R. White, Jr., surgeon, was born on December 10, 1872, the son of Rev. Raleigh and Mrs. White, in Cottonplant, Mississippi, near the site of the present town of Tupelo. His father was a Baptist circuit rider and revival preacher. The family moved to Texas in 1881 and settled on a small farm near Lockhart. Working the farm fell increasingly on the shoulders of young White, the eldest son. After a drought destroyed his first year's cotton crop, he became determined to seek an education. White entered Baylor University and supported himself by working in a livery stable. After graduating, he was accepted at Tulane University College of Medicine, and while working in the Cotton Exchange in New Orleans, he completed his course of study and graduated with an M.D. degree in 1891, before he was twenty-one years old. Immediately after graduation White associated with a Dr. Shaw in Cameron, Texas. He became acquainted with Dr. Arthur Carroll Scott of Temple, Texas, and in 1895 passed a competitive examination offered by Dr. Scott for a position of house surgeon in the new Santa Fe Hospital in Temple. On December 29, 1897, Scott and White became full partners and joint chief surgeons for the Santa Fe Railroad. In 1898 Scott and White and the members of the Kings' Daughters' Circle established the Kings' Daughters' Hospital in Temple. This association lasted for six years, and in 1904 they resigned from Kings' Daughters' and established the Temple Sanitarium. They established a school of nursing at the sanitarium and continued to take care of the Santa Fe workers in addition to their growing private practice. White was a charter member of the Texas Surgical Society and at the founding meeting introduced the resolution condemning fee splitting among physicians. He was a fellow of the American College of Surgeons and a member of the Texas Medical Association. White was a director of the City National Bank, later the First Republic Bank of Temple, and a member of the First United Methodist Church. On May 19, 1903, White married Annie May Campbell; they had three children. White died of a heart attack on March 2, 1917, at the age of forty-five. After his death the Temple Sanitarium was renamed Scott and White Memorial Hospital.

Bell County Historical Commission, Story of Bell County, Texas (2 vols., Austin: Eakin Press, 1988). Dayton Kelley, With Scalpel and Scope: A History of Scott and White (Waco: Texian Press, 1970). George Plunkett [Mrs. S. C.] Red, The Medicine Man in Texas (Houston, 1930). Waco Times-Herald, March 2, 1917.
  • Health and Medicine
  • Physicians and Surgeons
  • General Surgeons

The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this entry.

Raleigh R. White IV, “White, Raleigh R., Jr.,” Handbook of Texas Online, accessed July 04, 2022, https://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/entries/white-raleigh-r-jr.

Published by the Texas State Historical Association.

December 1, 1995

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