White, Samuel Addison (1805–1869)

By: Martha Beresford

Revised by: Randolph B. "Mike" Campbell

Type: Biography

Published: 1976

Updated: August 22, 2019

Samuel Addison White, soldier and legislator, was born in North Carolina on January 27, 1805, the son of Archibald S. and Margaret (Bradshaw) White. He emigrated with his family from Tennessee in 1830 and settled on the Navidad River in what is now Jackson County, Texas. While working as overseer on the plantation of Edwin Waller of Brazoria, he read law with William H. and John A. Wharton. White fought in the battle of Velasco in 1832 and served as a captain in the Texas army in 1835 and 1836; he also took part in the battle of Plum Creek on August 11, 1840. He married Sarah A. Kilpatrick in Jackson County on May 31, 1841, and they had one son. White represented Jackson County in the House of the First Congress in 1836 and was a member of the Senate of the Sixth, Ninth, and Tenth legislatures. In 1857 he purchased the Victoria Advocate, which he maintained throughout the Civil War. White owned twelve slaves in 1850 and eight in 1860. He lived in Victoria in 1860 and worked as a lawyer. He was mayor of Victoria in 1863 and continued in that office when no elections were held in 1864. White was appointed as a district judge in 1865 by the provisional governor of Texas, Andrew Jackson Hamilton, but lost a bid to retain that position when Presidential Reconstruction elections were held in June 1866. White co-founded Indianola and spent his final years at Indian Point until his death on September 2, 1869.

Jefferson Morgenthaler, Promised Land: Solms, Castro, and Sam Houston’s Colonization Contracts (College Station: Texas A&M University Press, 2009). Anne H. Sutherland, The Robertsons, the Sutherlands, and the Making of Texas (College Station: Texas A&M University Press, 2006). William S. Speer and John Henry Brown, eds., Encyclopedia of the New West (Marshall: United States Biographical Publishing Company, 1881). Texas House of Representatives, Biographical Directory of the Texan Conventions and Congresses, 1832–1845 (Austin: Book Exchange, 1941). Homer S. Thrall, A Pictorial History of Texas (St. Louis: Thompson, 1879). Victoria Advocate, May 12, 1968.

Time Periods:
  • Texas Revolution

The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this entry.

Martha Beresford Revised by Randolph B. "Mike" Campbell, “White, Samuel Addison,” Handbook of Texas Online, accessed May 23, 2022, https://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/entries/white-samuel-addison.

Published by the Texas State Historical Association.

August 22, 2019