Wilcox, Sebron Sneed (1884–1959)

By: Rogelia O. Garcia

Type: Biography

Published: 1976

Updated: August 1, 1995

Sebron (Seb) Sneed Wilcox, historian, son of Nathan Miles and Minnie Genevieve (Sneed) Wilcox, was born on December 9, 1884, at Burnet, Texas. His family moved to Georgetown while he was a boy, and he attended schools there. At the age of fifteen he entered Southwestern University. He left there without having graduated and moved to Austin to study shorthand and typing. On October 27, 1907, Wilcox married Stella Marie Jones; they had one daughter. In succession Wilcox worked for the Houston and Texas Central Railway Company in Houston, the attorney general's office in Austin, and the law firm of Pierce and Hawkins in Brownsville. In September 1911 Wilcox was appointed court reporter for the Forty-ninth District in Laredo, and he remained in this position until he retired in December 1958. Wilcox was an ardent student of Texas history, and it was through his efforts that the Spanish Archives of Laredo (dating from a 1749 document, but predominantly 1768 to 1846, and miscellaneous papers up to 1875) were saved from destruction. He assisted the Texas Historical Records Survey in seeing that the documents were copied correctly, and copies of those completed portions of the typescripts were placed in the Archives Division of the Texas State Library, the University of Texas at Austin Library, the National Archives in Washington, D.C., and in Laredo. Wilcox wrote several articles based on the Laredo Archives, which were published in the Southwestern Historical Quarterly. He was one of the founders of the Laredo Historical Society and a member of the Texas Historical Commission for Webb County; he helped secure three monuments for Laredo during the Texas Centennial celebration. Wilcox died in Laredo on May 12, 1959, and was buried in the Laredo Catholic Cemetery. After his death his family, carrying out his wish, donated his research materials to the library at St. Mary's University in San Antonio. This material included a fine collection of rare books about Texas, copies of his own writings on local history, an almost complete file of the Laredo Times,and, most important, the original manuscript materials of the Laredo Archives.

Seb S. Wilcox, "The Spanish Archives of Laredo," Southwestern Historical Quarterly 49 (January 1946).


  • Writers, Authors, Publications, and Literature
  • Historians

Time Periods:

  • World War II
  • Texas Post World War II
  • Great Depression
  • Texas in the 1920s

The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this entry.

Rogelia O. Garcia, “Wilcox, Sebron Sneed,” Handbook of Texas Online, accessed December 08, 2021, https://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/entries/wilcox-sebron-sneed.

Published by the Texas State Historical Association.

August 1, 1995