Edward H. Winfield, civil servant and soldier, was born in Petersburg, Virginia, and moved to Texas in 1835. He served in the Texas army as a regimental quartermaster from March 13 through June 23, 1836, with the rank of major. After the war he served as secretary of the Houston Board of Health, as tax assessor in Harris County, from January 1839 through January 1840 as clerk of the Second Judicial District Court, and as assistant secretary of the Senate for the second session of the Second Congress of the Republic of Texas. In 1837 he married Ann Hall Gray Vernon and became the guardian of her two children by a previous marriage. In 1840 he resided in Harris County, where he owned three town lots in Houston, 3,129 acres outside the city, and three slaves. Soon thereafter he moved briefly to Camargo, Mexico, and then to Brownsville. In response to the Rafael Vásquez and Adrián Woll raids in 1842, Winfield volunteered for the Somervell expedition and served for three months in Capt. Jerome Bonaparte Robertson's company. He also served as assistant quartermaster under William G. Cooke. During the Mexican War he served briefly as a private in Ben McCulloch's Company A of John Coffee Hays's First Texas Mounted Rifles, but acquired Hamilton P. Bee as a substitute. In 1849 Winfield was elected to represent Cameron, Webb, and Starr counties in the House of the Third Legislature of the State of Texas. In 1850, he served as census taker and assistant marshal for the same district and owned real estate valued at $2,000. He was known to be living in Washington County in July 1866, but the presence of his wife Ann living alone there in 1870 suggests that he had recently died.