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Wootters, James C. (1830–1904)

Aragorn Storm Miller Biography Entry

James C. Wootters (also listed as James C. Wootten and James C. Wooten), businessman, landowner, state representative, and Confederate officer, was born in Queen Anne County, Maryland, on April 20, 1830. He was the son of Ezekiel C. and Mary (Downs) Wootters. After receiving his education in Maryland, Wootters immigrated to Texas and settled in Crockett, Houston County, on October 8, 1853. There he established himself as a successful mercantile businessman and real estate investor and speculator. By 1860 Wootters had amassed $5,000 in land holdings and over $19,000 in personal property including the ownership of eleven slaves. He was also an active Mason and served as head of Crockett Masonic Lodge No. 10 during 1861, 1862, and 1898. Wootters worshipped at Methodist Episcopal Church, South, in Crockett. In 1860 he married Emily Long Cash in Houston County. This couple had two sons and four daughters.

On February 22, 1862, Wootters volunteered for service in the Confederate Army and joined Company B of the Thirteenth Texas Cavalry Regiment as a private. On May 26, 1862, Wootters was promoted to the rank of major and was acting adjutant of the regiment. However, on July 27, 1862, he resigned his post and returned to Houston County where he resumed his business interests and was elected to the Tenth Texas Legislature. He served from November 2, 1863, to November 15, 1864 as a representative for the Eleventh District which was made up of Houston, Anderson, and Trinity counties. His land holdings constituted more than 33,000 acres, and the 1870 census reported a value of over $37,000 in property, making him the largest landholder and taxpayer in the county. He also served as president of the First National Bank of Crockett. Wootters died in Crockett on July 12, 1904, and was buried there at Evergreen Memorial Park.

Armistead Albert Aldrich, History of Houston County, Texas (San Antonio: Naylor, 1943). History of Houston County, Texas 1687–1979 (Tulsa, Oklahoma: Heritage, 1979). Houston County (Texas) Cemeteries (Marceline, Missouri: Walsworth, 1987). Thomas Nelms Mainer, Houston County in the Civil War (Crockett, Texas: Houston County Historical Commission, 1981).


  • Tenth Legislature (1863-1864)
  • House

Time Periods:

  • Civil War

The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this entry.

Aragorn Storm Miller, “Wootters, James C.,” Handbook of Texas Online, accessed January 20, 2021,

Published by the Texas State Historical Association.

This entry belongs to the following Handbook Special Projects: