Wyalucing, the two-story brick plantation home of Beverly Lafayette Holcombe, on a hilltop in Marshall, Texas, was built between 1848 and 1850 by slave labor. The house was designed to resemble a rectangular Grecian temple, with columns on all four sides. A second cottage-style residence called Westover was built on the western end of Holcombe's 100-acre tract, and the two homes were linked by a street lined with slave cabins. According to family tradition, the name Wyalucing is of Indian derivation and means "home of the friendless"; other sources translate it as "home of the warrior." Wyalucing was the scene of numerous social events in the antebellum period; Elkanah Bracken Greer and Anna Holcombe were married there in 1851, and Lucy Holcombe Pickens was married there on April 26, 1858. During the Civil War the building served as headquarters for the Trans-Mississippi Agency of the Confederate Post Office Department. In the spring of 1865 Confederate general Joseph O. Shelby addressed the troops of his Iron Brigade from the veranda of Wyalucing just before their departure on the Shelby expedition. In 1880 the home was purchased by former slaves of Harrison County for Bishop College, and Wyalucing was in use as the music hall in the 1940s. When Bishop College moved to Dallas in 1961 the Harrison County Historical Society tried to preserve Wyalucing, but the plantation building was demolished in the early 1960s, and the land is currently the site of a low-rent housing development.
Support Texas History Now
Join TSHA to support quality Texas history programs and receive exclusive benefits.
Jack Thorndyke Greer, Leaves from a Family Album, ed. Jane Greer (Waco: Texian Press, 1975). V. H. Hackney, Historical Hallmarks of Harrison County (Marshall, Texas: Marshall National Bank, 1964).
- Houses, Mansions, and Plantations
- Art and Music Schools
- Antebellum Texas
The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this entry.
Anonymous, “Wyalucing Plantation,” Handbook of Texas Online, accessed October 21, 2020, https://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/entries/wyalucing-plantation.
Published by the Texas State Historical Association.
All copyrighted materials included within the Handbook of Texas Online are in accordance with Title 17 U.S.C. Section 107 related to Copyright and “Fair Use” for Non-Profit educational institutions, which permits the Texas State Historical Association (TSHA), to utilize copyrighted materials to further scholarship, education, and inform the public. The TSHA makes every effort to conform to the principles of fair use and to comply with copyright law.
For more information go to: http://www.law.cornell.edu/uscode/17/107.shtml
If you wish to use copyrighted material from this site for purposes of your own that go beyond fair use, you must obtain permission from the copyright owner.