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GILBERT SITE. The Gilbert Site is a major archeological site affiliated with the Norteño Focus (or Phase), the technical designation for archeological remains of the historic Wichita tribes. It is thought to date from the third quarter of the eighteenth century and probably was the location of a village of the Tawakoni, Kichai, or Yscani Indians. Sixteen features-two small pits, the others oval middens-were excavated at the Gilbert Site in 1962 by members of the Texas Archeological Society under the direction of Edward B. Jelks. Numerous artifacts of both European and Indian origin were found. The European items were typical Indian trade goods, mostly French: knives, axes, scissors, gun parts, hawkbells, kettle brass, metal buttons, glass beads, bottle fragments, and the like. Among the Indian-made artifacts were hundreds of potsherds, chipped-stone scrapers, and arrow points; a few stone knives, gravers, and drills; several sandstone abraders; and a few bone tools. The site yielded one of the largest and most closely dated samples of French trade goods found to date in the Southern Plains. The artifacts and field notes from the 1962 dig are stored at the Texas Archeological Research Laboratory, Pickle Campus, University of Texas at Austin.


Edward B. Jelks, ed., "The Gilbert Site," Bulletin of the Texas Archeological Society 37 (1967).

Edward B. Jelks


The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this article.

Edward B. Jelks, "GILBERT SITE," Handbook of Texas Online (, accessed November 26, 2015. Uploaded on June 15, 2010. Published by the Texas State Historical Association.